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Cherephon.

XCI.

D’une chauvesouris Cherephon print le nom:
Car pour estudier il veilloit sans cesser.
Sa face s’enfuma, sa voix vint crisser,
Parquoy tresjustement il acquit tel surnom.[1]

Commentaires.

Cerephon Athenien, disciple de Socrates, s’opi-
niastra tellement estudier, qu’estant estrangement
affoibli par ses veilles nocturnes, il en devint pasle &
maigre extremement: si que par gausserie on l’appe-
loit choutte ou chauvesouris. S’appliquer sans cesse
l’estude des arts liberaux, fait devenir maigre: La
maigreur sans doute, diminue la voix: la suye des
lampes rend la face noire & enfumee.

Notes:

1. Chaerophon, a distinguished disciple of Socrates, was nick-named ‘The Bat’ and ‘Boxwood’ for his pale complexion and poor health, supposedly brought on by excessive study. See Aristophanes, Aves, 1564; Philostratus, Vitae sophistarum, 1.482.


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    IN TEMERARIOS.

    The reckless

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    Aspicis aurigam currus phaetonta[1] paterni,
    Inguivomos [=Ignivomos] ausum flectere solis equos.
    Maxima qui postqum terris incendia sparsit,
    Est temere insesso lapsus ab axe miser.
    Sic plerique rotis fortunae ad sydera Reges,
    Evecti ambitio quos iuvenilis agit.
    Pst magnam humani generis clademque suamque,
    Cunctorum poenas denique dant scelerum.

    You see here Phaethon, driving his father’s chariot, and daring to guide the fire-breathing steeds of the Sun. After spreading great conflagrations over the earth, the wretched boy fell from the car he had so rashly mounted. - Even so, the majority of kings are borne up to heaven on the wheels of Fortune, driven by youth’s ambition. After they have brought great disaster on the human race and themselves, they finally pay the penalty for all their crimes.

    Notes:

    1. Phaethon, the son of Apollo, the sun-god. The myth referred to here is told in Ovid, Metamorphoses 1.748 - 2.349. Both Phaethon and Icarus ([A31a054]) are types of those who aim too high and do not recognise their proper sphere.


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