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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Y9r f237r]

Parem delinquentis & suasoris culpam esse.

The one who urges wrongdoing is as guilty as the one who does the wrong

Emblema clxxiii.

Praeconem lituo perflantem classica, victrix
Captivum in tetro carcere turba[1] tenet.
Queis ille excusat, quòd nec sit strenuus armis,
Ullius aut saevo laeserit ense latus.
Huic illi: Quin ipse magis timidissime peccas,
Qui clangore alios aeris in arma cies.[2]

The victorious host holds captive in a foul dungeon a herald, who sounds military commands on his trumpet. To them he makes his excuses - he is no strong fighting man and has wounded no one's side with a cruel sword. They reply: You abject coward, you are in fact more guilty, for you with the sound of your trumpet stir up others to fight.

EX Aesopo, de tubicine in bello capto: quod ex
Iurisconsultorum placitis intelligitur, nempe
qui agunt, & qui assensum praebent pari poena pu-
mendos. Quod tamen malim in eos torqueri specia-
lius, qui malo consilio Principes ad bella concitant.
eó nocentiores iis qui re ipsa caedem faciunt.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Y9v v237v]

Autant coulpable est celuy qui conseille,
que celuy qui execute.

EN une grande desfaitte,
Pendant le choc, un trompette
Fut prins par les ennemis:
Il pensoit avoir franchise:
Mais sur luy ont la main mise,
Et puis en prison l’ont mis.
Luy usoit de ceste excuse,
D’armes & cousteaux je n’use:
Eux le payerent content,
Bien, tu n’as tué personne:
Mais quand ta trompette sonne,
Mon amy, c’est bien autant.

CEcy est d’Esope, du Trompette prins
prisonnier en guerre: de mesme appre-
nons-nous des Jurisconsultes, que ceux qui font
& qui consentent, sont punis de mesme peine
. Ce
que toutesfois j’aymeroie mieux employer
contre ceux particulierement, qui par mau-
vais conseil incitent les Princes à la guerre,
lesquels hommes sont beaucoup plus dange-
reux que ceux qui tuent de faict.

Notes:

1.  Variant reading in 1550, turma ‘troop’

2.  This is a version of Aesop, Fables 325.


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FIRMISSIMA CONVELLI
non posse.

The firmest things cannot be uprooted

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [C8v]

Oceanus quamvis fluctus pater excitet omnes,[1]
Danubiumque omnem barbare Turca bibas.[2]
Non tu[3] irrumpes perfracto limite Caesar,
Dum Charolus populis bellica signa dabit.[4]
Sic sacrae quercus[5] firmis radicibus adstant.
Sicca licent [=licet] venti concutiant folia.

Though Father Ocean rouses all his waves, though, barbarous Turk, you drink the Danube dry, yet you shall not break through the boundary and burst in, while Emperor Charles shall give to his peoples the signal for war. Even so, holy oaks stand firm with tenacious roots, though the winds rattle the dry leaves.

Notes:

1.  This poem is based on Anthologia graeca 9.291, which refers to a threat to ancient Rome from invading German tribes.

2.  The Turks invaded along the Danube and reached Hungary, winning the battle of Mohacs in 1526. When Alciato was writing, they continued to threaten Vienna and Central Europe.

3.  Later editions correct to tamen, no doubt to improve the scansion.

4.   Caesar...Charlus, i.e. Emperor Charles V, led the charge to recover the lost territory.

5.  ‘holy oaks’. Oaks were holy because sacred to Zeus, especially at his sanctuary at Dodona in Greece ([A50a199]). The image of the dry leaves is already present in the Greek poem, but see also Vergil, Aeneid 4.441-4.


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  • withering, leaves or flowers falling off [25G(+35)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • trees: oak (+ withering, leaves or flowers falling off) [25G3(OAK)(+35)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Asiatic races and peoples: Turks [32B33(TURKS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Constancy, Tenacity; 'Costanza', 'Tenacità' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [53A21(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Stability, Firmness; 'Fermezza', 'Stabilimento', 'Stabilità' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [53A22(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Invincibility (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54A71(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(CHARLES V [of Holy Roman Empire])3] Search | Browse Iconclass
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  • (story of) Oceanus [91B112] Search | Browse Iconclass

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