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Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [E3v p70]




In bellum civile duces cm Roma pararet,
Viribus & caderet Martia terra[1] suis:[2]
Mos fuit in partes turmis countibus easdem,
Coniunctas dextras[3] mutua dona dari.
Foederis haec species, id habet Concordia signum,
Ut quos iungit amor, iungat & ipsa manus.

When Rome was marshalling her generals to fight in civil war and that martial land was being destroyed by her own might, it was the custom for squadrons coming together on the same side to exchange joined right hands as gifts. This is a token of alliance; concord has this for a sign - those whom affection joins the hand joins also.

Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [E4r p71]



Wann die Rhoemer krieg under in
Selbs fuerten, und die sach gericht,
Zu zaychen da alls ab und hin,
Poten sy fur gewise pflicht
Ainr dem andern die hand, und gschicht
Noch heut bey freunden solchs mit ehrn,
Dan hyerau hat man guet bericht,
Wan zwayer hertz zusam begern.


1. ‘Martial land’, a reference not only to Rome’s bellicose history but to the legend that Rome’s founder Romulus was the son of Mars, the god of war.

2. Cf. Horace, Epodes 16.2, ‘Rome is being destroyed by her own might’ (written during the civil conflicts of 41 BC).

3. These were fashioned in some kind of metal for use as tokens of friendship; see e.g. Tacitus, The Histories 1.54 and 2.8, (referring to another time of civil conflict, 69 - 70 AD). Alciato worked on the text of Tacitus and wrote some annotations.

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