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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N2v p196]

Le chesne.

XXXII.

Le chesne plait à Dieu, qui nous sauve & ramene.
Qui sauve un citoyen, a couronne de chesne.[1]

Autre.

Le chesne avec son gland a nourri les anciens
Maintenant par son ombre il nous fait mille biens.[2]

Commentaires.

Ces deux distichs sont clairs d’eux mesmes. Les
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N3r p197] Rommains avoyent plusieurs sortes de couronnes.
Mais à celuy qui sauvoit un citoyen ou plusieurs, on
luy bailloit une couronne de chesne. Avant que le
bled & les legumes fussent en usage, le seul gland e-
stoit la viande & nourriture seule des humains. Cest
arbre n’a rien en soy qui ne nous soit proffitable. Son
fruict, ses feuilles, son ombre, son bois, tout nous sert.

Notes:

1.  ‘a crown of oak’, awarded for saving the life of a fellow-soldier; see Pliny, Natural History, 16.3.7.

2.  For the ancient belief that early man fed on acorns see e.g. Lucretius, De Rerum natura, 5.939; Vergil, Georgics, 1.7; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 1.106.


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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [C3r f19r]

    Laurus.

    The laurel

    Praescia venturi laurus fert signa salutis.
    Subdita pulvillo somnia vera facit.[1]
    Aliud.
    Debetur Charolo superatis laurea poenis: [2]
    Victrices ornent talia serta comas.

    The laurel that can tell what is to come provides omens of prosperity. Put under the pillow it brings true dreams.
    Other.
    Now that the Poeni [i.e. North Africans / Tunisians] have been defeated, Charles deserves the laurel - let wreaths of laurel adorn the victor’s locks.

    Notes:

    1.  The laurel was sacred to Apollo, god of prophecy. The priestess of Apollo at Delphi induced a prophetic trance by chewing laurel leaves. Prophecies were sometimes written on laurel leaves. If laurel leaves crackle when thrown into the flames, happiness is portended.

    2.  Emperor Charles V took Tunis in North Africa in 1535. Poeni (‘Phoenicians’) was an alternate name for the people of Carthage, where Tunis was later established.


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    • Africans [32B32] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • pillow [41A7632] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • crowning the victor with laurel [45I6110] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Prediction, Prophecy; 'Augurio', 'Divinatione', 'Profetia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Protection; 'Custodia', 'Difesa contra nimici, malefici & venefici', 'Difesa contra pericoli', 'Riparo da i tradimenti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54E42(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(CHARLES V [of Holy Roman Empire])3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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