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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [E6r p75]

Mesdisance.

Sur le tombeau d’Archiloc,[1] Guespes sont,
Qui signe vray de malle bouche font.

Archiloc, Poėte Graec Iambic, en ses escriptz armé
de mesdisance, represenre tous hommes mesdisans
de parolle, ou d’escript, au reste ą bien faire inutil-
les, telles que sont les Guespes, qui en grand bruit
murmurantes, picquent tresaigrement, & ne font
miel, ne cire.

Notes:

1.  Archilochus was an eighth-century BC poet, author of much (now fragmentary) verse, including satire. This last was considered in antiquity to be excessively abusive and violent. See Horace, Ars Poetica, 79; also Erasmus, Adagia, 60 (Irritare crabrones).


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    • insects: wasp (+ animals used symbolically) [25F711(WASP)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • grave, tomb [4.20E+32] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Calumny, Detraction; 'Biasimo vitioso', 'Calunnia', 'Detrattione', 'Maledicenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57BB25(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(ARCHILOCHUS)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O7v p222]

    La gula.

    Ottava rhima.

    Muy largo como grulla el cuello tiene
    Y el cuerpo y vientre gonfo y barrigudo
    Y un Laro ņ Croto en las manos sostiene.[1]  [M]
    Tal fue Dionysio,[2] y tal el otro embudo
    Llamado Apico,[3] y tal facion conviene  [M]
    A quien renombre da su vientre rudo.

    [Marginalia - link to text]Aves.

    [Marginalia - link to text]Tyrannos.

    Notes:

    1.  These birds were symbols of ravenous greed. The pelican is called inexplebile animal, ‘insatiable creature’, by Pliny, Natural History, 10.66.131; cf. Emblem 195 ([A49a195]). For the gull, see Erasmus, Adagia, 1133 (Larus: the gull will also fit food-suppliers because it is a bird with an appetite for fish).

    2.  Dionysius II, Tyrant of Syracuse. After his deposition, he lived in Corinth, and many anecdotes were told of his indulgent way of life there, including the story that he died of being overweight.

    3.  Apicius was a famous gourmet of the time of the Emperor Tiberius. See Seneca, De consolatione, 10.8-9 and Martial, Epigrams, 3.22: he spent a hundred million sesterces on food items and committed suicide for fear of starvation on discovering that he had only one million left. He composed two cookery books, but the one which has come down to us under his name is a fourth- to fifth-century compilation drawing on his works and several others (ed. princ. Le Signerre, Milan 1498).


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    • Gluttony, Intemperance, 'Gula'; 'Gola', 'Ingordigia', 'Ingordigia overo Aviditą', 'Voracitą' (Ripa) ~ personification of one of the Seven Deadly Sins [11N35] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Intemperance, Immoderation (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54AA43(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • specific aspects, allegorical aspects of Bacchus; Bacchus as patron [92L17] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(APICIUS, Marcus Gavius)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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