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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [R3r p261]

Temeritas.

Rashness

EMBLEMA LV.

In praeceps rapitur, frustra quoque tendit habenas
Auriga, effraeni quem vehit oris equus.
Haud facilč huic credas, ratio quem nulla gubernat,
Et temerč proprio ducitur arbitrio.[1]

A driver pulled by a horse whose mouth does not respond to the bridle is rushed headlong and in vain drags on the reins. You cannot readily trust one whom no reason governs, one who is heedlessly taken where his fancy goes.

Notes:

1.  In general see Plato’s image of the chariot of the soul, Phaedrus, 246, as indicated in some commentaries.


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Section: STULTITIA (Folly). View all emblems in this section.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [E4r p71]

Ira.

Rage.

Alcaeam veteres caudam dixęre Leonis,
Qua stimulante iras concipit ille graves.
Lutea cům surgit bilis, crudescit & atro
Felle dolor, furias excitat indomitas.[1]

The ancients called the lion’s tail alcaea, for under its stimulus he takes on dreadful fury. When the yellow bile rises and his temper grows savage with the black gall, the tail incites his indomitable rage.

Notes:

1.  The Greek word ἀλκαία was supposedly derived from ἀλκή ‘strength’ (see Emblem 3, n.3, [A50a003]). The Etymologicum Magnum, an ancient Greek lexicon, defines ἀλκαία as ‘properly the tail of the lion, because it urges him on to strength (ἀλκή)’. Pliny, Natural History, 8.16.49, describes how the lion’s tail lashes with increasing fury and spurs him on. See also Aelian, De natura animalium, 5.39.


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