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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [D2r f13r]

EMBLEMA XVIII.

Eloquentia fortitudine praestantior.[1]

Eloquence superior to strength

Arcum laeva tenet, rigidam fert dextera clavam
Contegit & Nemees, corpora nuda Leo.
Herculis haec igitur facies? non convenit illud
Quod vetus & senio tempora cana gerit.
Quid quod lingua illi levibus traiecta cathenis
Queis fissa facileis allicit aure viros?
Anne quod Alciden lingua non robore Galli,
Praestantem populis iura dedisse ferunt?
Cedunt arma togae,[2] & quamvis durissima corda,
Eloquio pollens ad sua vota trahit.

His left hand holds a bow, his right hand a stout club, the lion of Nemea clothes his bare body. So this is a figure of Hercules. But he is old and his temples grizzled with age - that does not fit. What of the fact that his tongue has light chains passing through it, which are attached to men’s pierced ears, and by them he draws them unresisting along? The reason is surely that the Gauls say that Alceus’ descendant excelled in eloquence rather than might and gave laws to the nations. - Weapons yield to the arts of peace, and even the hardest of hearts the skilled speaker can lead where he will.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [D2v f13v]

Das XVIII.

Die wolberedtheit ubertrifft die künheit
und sterck.

In der lincken ein Bogen hat
In der rechten ein rauwer Kolb staht
An seinem Leib tregt er so bloß
Des Nemeischn Löwen Haut groß
Also ward Hercules gemalt
Fürwar es ist nit sein recht gstalt
Dann er ist alt, und umb sein Kopff
tregt er ein grauwen weissen schopff
Was bdeuts das an seiner Zungen hangt
Mit vilen gleichn ein Kettin langt
Welche in viler Mann und Leut
Oren thut reichn und hafften bleit
Hat nit Alcides mit seiner Zungn
Und nit mit seiner sterck bezwungn
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [D3r f14r] Die alten starcken Völckern Galln
Den ir recht, wie dsag, gaben alln
Der Krieg und dWaffen weichen beid
Dem Burgerlichen Rock und Kleid
Und ob man schon find Hertzen hert
Werden sie doch durch dred verkert.

Notes:

1.  This epigram is closely based on Lucian’s essay, The Gallic Hercules.

2.  Cf. Cicero’s notorious line, Cedant arma togae, concedat laurea linguae, ‘Let weapons yield to the arts of peace, let laurels yield to eloquence’ (quoted in Quintilian, Institutio oratoria 11.1.24).


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Relating to the text:

  • extinct, 'historical' peoples (with NAME) [32B2(GAULS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • 'litterae', symbolic representations, allegories and emblems ~ literature; 'Lettere' (Ripa) [48C90] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Power of Eloquence; 'Forza sottoposta all'Eloquenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52D31(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosità dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virtù del animo', 'Forza' (Ripa) [54A7] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Section: SCIENTIA (Learning). View all emblems in this section.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N1r p193]

Doctos doctis obloqui
nefas esse.

It is wicked for scholars to wrangle with other scholars

Quid rapis heu Progne vocalem saeva Cicadam,
Pignoribusque tuis fercula dira paras?[1]
Stridula stridentem, vernam verna, hospita laedis
Hospitam, & aligeram penniger ales avem?
Ergo abice hanc praedam. nam musica pectora summum est
Alterum ab alterius dente perire nefas.

Alas, Procne, why, cruel bird, do you sieze on the melodious cicada and prepare a dreadful banquet for your young? A whistler yourself, you harm the shrill singer; a summer visitor, you hurt another fine-weather caller; a guest, you harm a guest; a feathered bird, you hurt another winged creature. So let this prize go. It is the greatest sin for hearts devoted to the Muses to perish by one another’s tooth.

Notes:

1.  The reference is to the legend of Procne’s metamorphosis into a swallow. See [A50a070] and [A50a193]. For swallows catching cicadas, see Aelian, De natura animalium 8.6.


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Relating to the text:

  • discussion, dialogue, dispute ~ scholar, philosopher [49C40] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • scholar or scientist with muse [49L(+101)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Similarity, Likeness [51B2] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Eloquence; 'Eloquenza', 'Fermezza & Gravità dell'Oratione' (Ripa) [52D3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Disagreement, Discord; 'Discordia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54EE31(+4):51B3(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Malevolence, Maliciousness; 'Malevolenza', 'Malignità', 'Malvagità' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57AA7(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • (story of the) Muses; 'Muse' (Ripa) [92D4] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Philomela, Procne and Tereus changed into nightingale, swallow, hoopoe (or hawk): Tereus seeks to kill Philomela and Procne for having slain his son; in their flight the two sisters are changed into a nightingale and a swallow; Tereus is changed into a ho [97DD23] Search | Browse Iconclass

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