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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P3r p229]

Eloquence est plus excellente que force.[1]

Probleme.

Masse en main dextre, en senestre arc cornu,
Et du Lyon la peau couvrant corps nu,
C’est d’Hercules la forme, Mais tel art
Pas ne convient: qu’il soit chaulve, & vieillard.
La langue aussi de chainetes persée,
D’ond par l’oreille attraict gent, non forcée,
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P3v p230] Est ce pourtant que par faconde voix,
(Et non par force) aulx peuples donna loix?
Armes font place aux lettres. Car des coeurs
(Tant soient ilz durs) Eloquens sont vinqueurs.

C’est la description Lucianicque de Hercu-
les le Francois
, Par laquelle estoit figuré.
que Hercules avoit tant de peuples mis en son
obeissance, & tant de monstres, & tyrans
surmontéz par vive eloquence, & savoir le
gitime, & constitution de justes loix, Toutes
lesquelles choses les Grecz hont depuys de-
guisée [=deguisées] en faictz d’armes, & appropriées à
leur Hercules Grec, filz d’Alcmena.

Notes:

1.  This epigram is closely based on Lucian’s essay, The Gallic Hercules.


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  • extinct, 'historical' peoples (with NAME) [32B2(GAULS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • 'litterae', symbolic representations, allegories and emblems ~ literature; 'Lettere' (Ripa) [48C90] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Power of Eloquence; 'Forza sottoposta all'Eloquenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52D31(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosità dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virtù del animo', 'Forza' (Ripa) [54A7] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Section: SCIENTIA (Learning). View all emblems in this section.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N2r p195]

Facundia difficilis.

Eloquence is hard

Antidotum Aeaeae medicata in pocula Circes
Mercurium hoc Ithaco fama dedisse fuit.[1]
Moly vocant, id vix radice evellitur atra,
Purpureus. sed flos, lactis & instar habet.
Eloquii candor facundiaque allicit omnes:
Sed multi res est tanta laboris opus.

According to the story, Mercury gave to the man from Ithaca this antidote to the poisoned cup of Aeaean Circe. They call it moly. It is hard to pull up by its black root. The plant is dark, but its flower is white as milk. The brilliance of eloquence and readiness of speech attracts all men, but this mighty thing is a work of much labour.

Notes:

1.  See Homer, Odyssey, 10.270ff. for the story of the encounter of Ulysses (the man from Ithaca) and his crew with the sorceress Circe on the island of Aeaea. The plant moly is described ibid, 302-6. See Emblem 76 ([A50a076]), for the effect of Circe’s poisoned cup. Cf. Erasmus, De Copia (Loeb edition, 1.91 D), where moly is interpreted as wisdom rather than eloquence. Cf. Coustau, ‘In herbam Moly, ex Homero’ ([FCPb073]).


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