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PAX.

Peace

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Turrigeris humeris, dentis quoque barrus eburni.
Qui superare ferox Martia bella solet.[M]
Supposuit nunc colla iugo stimulisque subactus,
Caesareos currus ad pia templa vehit.
Vel fera cognoscit concordes undique gentes,
Proiectisque armis munia pacis obit.[1]

The elephant, with its tower-bearing shoulders and ivory tusk, a beast accustomed to dominate the conflicts of Mars with savage ravings, has now submitted its neck to the yoke: subdued by goads, it draws Caesar’s chariot to the holy temples. Even the beast recognises nations reconciled on every side, and rejecting the weapons of war, it performs the duties of peace.

[Marginalia - link to text]Vide Suetonium in vita Gaii [Julii] Caesaris.[2]

Notes:

1. This is translated from Anthologia graeca 9.285, which refers to an occasion under the Emperor Tiberius when the statue of the Deified Augustus was for the first time borne in procession in a chariot drawn by elephants.

2. The episode in Suetonius’s ‘Life of Julius Caesar’ (ch. 37) is not really relevant to this text.


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Illicitum non sperandum.

Do not hope for what is not allowed

LXXIX.

Spes simul & Nemesis nostris altaribus adsunt.
Scilicet ut speres non nisi quod liceat.[1]

Hope and Retribution stand together beside the altar I have built, to ensure that you hope only for that which is allowed.

COMMENTARIA.

Stant simul in altaribus binae Deae Spes
scilicet & Nemesis, ideo qud haec ultrix est
praesertim illorum qui propter felicitatem su-
perbiunt, & spes immoderata non solm ve-
tet, sed etiam puniat. Admonens ut nihil speres
nisi quod lictum & honestum sit. De Nemesi
ver Rhamnusia cognominata pago Rha-
mno
, in quo celebratissimum olim templum
habuit, deque eius origine, simulacro ac deni-
que contumeliosorum & elatae mentis homi-
num persecutione & punitione scribit Leo-
Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [i3r p133]nicus
de varia historia lib. 2. cap. 28. Erasmus
in proverbio Rhamnusia Nemesis.

Notes:

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  • Justice; 'Forza alla giustitia sottoposta', 'Giustitia', 'Giustitia retta', 'Giustitia rigorosa', 'Impietà e violenza soggetta alla giustitia', (Ripa) [59C2] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Legality (+ emblematical representation of concept) [59C3(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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