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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l2r p163]

Doctos doctis obloqui nefas
esse.

It is wicked for scholars to wrangle with other scholars

XCIX.

Quid rapis heu Progne vocalem saeva Cicadam,
Pignoribusque tuis fercula dira paras?[1]
Ac stridula stridulam[2], vernam verna, hospita laedis
Hospitam, & aligeram penniger ales avem?
Ergo abice hanc praedam, nam musica pectora summum est
Alterum ab alterius dente perire nefas.

Alas, Procne, why, cruel bird, do you sieze on the melodious cicada and prepare a dreadful banquet for your young? A whistler yourself, you harm the shrill singer; a summer visitor, you hurt another fine-weather caller; a guest, you harm a guest; a feathered bird, you hurt another winged creature. So let this prize go. It is the greatest sin for hearts devoted to the Muses to perish by one another’s tooth.

COMMENTARIA.

Increpat hirundinem avem, cicadam rapien-
tem, his verbis quid rapis dira Progne cantan
tem Cicadam, quid escam adeò crudelem tuis
pullis paras? tu stridens stridentem aestivalis
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l2v p164]aestivalem, hospita hospitam, volans volantem.
Avis denique avem perdis? quin potius proiice
dimitteque huiusmodi praedam, iniquum enim
est & iniuriosum eiusdem conditionis musi-
cos animos invicem insidiari. Quomodo au
tem Progne in hirundinem sit mutata, dictum
est suprà in Embl. 44.[3] ex Ovidii lib. 6. Metamorphoseon.
Hirundines hyeme discedere videmus, & re-
fert Plinius lib. 18. cap. 31. pariter & Cicadas fri-
goris tempore evanescere. Idem lib. 11. cap 26.
Utraeque etiam adventu aestatem praesagiunt.

Notes:

1.  The reference is to the legend of Procne’s metamorphosis into a swallow. See [A56a274]. For swallows catching cicadas, see Aelian, De natura animalium 8.6.

2.  Textual variant: Stridula stridentem.

3.  See [A56a044]


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Iconclass Keywords

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Relating to the text:

  • discussion, dialogue, dispute ~ scholar, philosopher [49C40] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • scholar or scientist with muse [49L(+101)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Similarity, Likeness [51B2] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Eloquence; 'Eloquenza', 'Fermezza & Gravit� dell'Oratione' (Ripa) [52D3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Disagreement, Discord; 'Discordia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54EE31(+4):51B3(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Malevolence, Maliciousness; 'Malevolenza', 'Malignit�', 'Malvagit�' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57AA7(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • (story of the) Muses; 'Muse' (Ripa) [92D4] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Philomela, Procne and Tereus changed into nightingale, swallow, hoopoe (or hawk): Tereus seeks to kill Philomela and Procne for having slain his son; in their flight the two sisters are changed into a nightingale and a swallow; Tereus is changed into a ho [97DD23] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Ei qui semel sua prodegerit, aliena
credi non oportere.

Others’ property should not be entrusted to a person who has once squandered his own

XCVIII.

Colchidos in gremio nidum quid congeris? eheu
Nescia cur pullos tam malè credis avis.
Dira parens Medea suos saevissima natos
Perdidit, & speras parcat ut illa tuis?[1]

Why do you build your nest in the bosom of the woman from Colchis? Alas, ignorant bird, why do you entrust your nestlings so mistakenly? That frightful mother, Medea, in her savagery slew her own children. Do you expect her to spare yours?

COMMENTARIA.

Reprehendit aviculam (hirundinem ni fal-
lor) cur misera illa nidificet in sinu Colchi-
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l1v p162]dis, illius crudelissimae foeminae Medeae, quan-
do quidem sanguinaria illa mater propriis non
pepercerit filiis multo minus alienis misera-
bitur pullis. Fuit autem Medea filia Oetae re-
gis Colchorum, quae etiam Colchis vocatur
à regione patriae (cuius meminimus & suprà
Embl. 44.[2]) Venefica & incantatrix maxima,
quae cùm Iasonem ex Thessalia venientem, per-
ditè amaret, illum adiuvit ut vellus aureum,
quod in templo à Dracone custo diebatur ac-
quireret, & Draconem occideret, quo facto
unà cum Iasone clàm aufugit, ut prolixè scri-
bit Valerius Flaccus in Argonauticis & attingit
Ovidius lib. 7. Metamorphoseon in principe. Ob hoc pater
eam celerrimè prosequebatur: illa verò fra-
trem suum parvulum quem secum abduxerat
occidit, & in frusta multa secavit, ac sparsim
in variis locis proiecit, ut scilicet pater perse-
quens in colligendis hinc inde dissipatis mem
bris retardaretur, ipsaque interim commodius
aufugere posset. Cùm verò iam diu cum Ia-
sone vixisset & multos liberos procreasset,
tandem Iason pertaesus eam repudiavit, &
Creusam Corinthiorum Regis filiam uxo-
rem accepit, quamobrem illa indignata in
vindictam, omnes quos ex Iasone habuit fi-
lios, occidit: Creusam una cum domo Re-
gia exussit & aufugit. Hinc illud Ovidius lib. 1.
de arte amandi:

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l2r p163]

Cui non defleta est Ephyraeae flamma Creusae,
Et nece natorum sanguinolenta parens.

Notes:

1.  This is based on Anthologia graeca 9.346, a much-translated epigram, on the subject of a swallow that built her nest on a representation of Medea. Colchidos, ‘of the woman from Colchis’, refers to Medea, from Colchis on the Black Sea, who slew her children by Jason, leader of the Argonauts, to avenge his unfaithfulness. See further [A56a033].

2.  See [A56a044]


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Relating to the text:

  • Squandering, Extravagance, Prodigality, Waste; 'Prodigalit�' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [55C11(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Misplaced Trust, False Confidence, 'Pax Falsa'; 'Speranza fallace' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56D29(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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