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In pudoris statuam.

A statue of Modesty

III.

Penelope desponsa sequi cupiebat Ulyssem,
Ni secum Icarius mallet habere pater.[1]
Ille Ithacam, hic offert Spartem manet anxia virgo,
Hinc pater, inde viri mutuus urget amor.
Ergo sedens velat vultus, obnubit ocellos:
Ista verecundi signa pudoris erant.
Queis sibi praelatum Icarius cognovit Ulyssem,
Hocque pudori aram schemate constituit.[2]

When Penelope was betrothed, she wished to go with Ulysses, except that her father Icarius would have preferred to keep her with him. Ulysses offers Ithaca, her father Sparta. The girl is distressed: on opposite sides her father and the mutual love between her and her man make their claims on her. So she sits and covers her face, veils her eyes - those were the signs of seemly modesty. By them Icarius knew that Ulysses was preferred to himself, and he set up an altar to Modesty in this form.

Notes:

1. Some editions give a variant reading, Ni secus Icarius ..., ‘except that ... Icarius would have preferred to have it otherwise’.

2. See Pausanias, Periegesis, 3.20.10, for this statue and the story behind it.


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    In mortem praeproperam.

    Untimely death

    CXII.

    Qui teneras forma allicuit[1] torsitque puellas,
    Pulchrior & tota nobilis urbe puer,
    Occidit ante diem, nulli mage flendus Aresti
    Qum tibi, cui casto iunctus amore fuit.
    Ergo illi tumulum tanti monumenta doloris
    Astruis, & querulis vocibus astra feris.
    Me sine abis dilecte? neque amplis ibimus un?
    Nec mecm in studiis otia grata teres?
    Sed te terra teget, sed fati Gorgonis ora,
    Delphinesque tui signa dolenda dabunt.

    That handsome lad, famed throughout all the city, who attracted and tormented tender-hearted girls with his beauty, has perished before his time, mourned by no one more than you, Arestius, to whom he was joined in chaste affection. Therefore you build him a tomb as a memorial of such great love and assail the heavens with cries of grief: Beloved, are you gone away without me? Shall we never be together again? Will you never again spend happy leisure hours with me in study? But the earth will cover you, a Gorgon’s head and dolphins shall provide doleful symbols of your fate.

    COMMENTARIA.

    Lamentatur mortem praematuram nobilis
    euiusdam pulcherrimique iuvenis, qui Aresti
    Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [m5v p186]syncero amore, singularique amicitia coniun-
    ctus fuerat. ideoque tum floridam eius aeta-
    tem, tum etiam unicam dilectionem amar
    luget, & in signum ingentis doloris tumulum
    sibi extruit. Exclamans qud non solm ille
    verm etiam Gorgonis ora & Delphines mi-
    serabile eius fatum deflebunt, fuere autem
    Gorgones, sorores pulcherrimae puellae filiae
    Phorci, insulas Dorcadas in Oceano Aethio-
    pico
    inhabitantes, quarum una Medusa solo
    aspectu homines in lapides permutasse fer-
    tur, quod propter eius summam pulchritudi-
    nem fictum est, de qua Ovidius lib. 4. Metamorphoseon.
    Delphines autem pueros mirum in modum
    adamasse, eorumque interitum (ob desiderium)
    dolenda moestitia deplorasse. Autor est Plinius
    lib. 9. cap. 8. Mors omnia aequat, absque aliquo
    respectu, iuvenesque senesque speciosos atque
    deformes rapit, ut venust Ovidius in consola-
    tione ad Liviam de morte Drusii,

    Fortuna arbitriis tempus dispensat ubique
    Illa rapit iuvenes, sustulit illa senes.
    Quaque ruit furibunda ruit totumque per orbem
    Fulminat & caecis caeca triumphat equis.

    Notes:

    1. Textual variant: allexit.


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    • lamentation (~ burial rites) [4.20E+133] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • student love [49B4423] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Pain, Sorrow, Sadness; 'Dolore', 'Dolore di Zeusi' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56BB1(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Fidelity in Friendship; 'Confermatione dell'Amicitia', 'Fede nell'Amicitia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56F231(+4):31E] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Mortality, Extinction of Life [58BB1] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(ARESTIUS)3] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(ARIOSTO, Ludovico)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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