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In nothos.

Bastards

XXVI.

Herculeos spurii semper celebretis honores:
Nam vestri princeps ordinis ille fuit.[1]
Nec prius esse deus potuit,[2] qum sugeret infans
Lac, sibi quod fraudis nescia Iuno dabat.[3]

Bastards, you should always celebrate the honours of Hercules, for he was the chief of your line. He could not become a god until as a babe he sucked the milk which Juno was giving him, unaware that she was being tricked.

Notes:

1. Hercules was fathered by Jupiter on Alcmene, wife of Amphitryon of Thebes, and became his father’s favourite. Juno, wife of Jupiter, in jealousy pursued Hercules with implacable hatred.

2. After all his Labours (see previous emblem) and other exploits, Hercules, by the will of Jupiter, was received among the gods. See e.g. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 9.156ff; Cicero, De officiis, 3.25.

3. For the story of Juno tricked by Jupiter into suckling the loathed Hercules see Pausanias, 9.25.2. This divine milk apparently counteracted Hercules’ illegitimate birth which otherwise disqualified him for heaven. See Erasmus, Adagia, 2070 (Ad Cynosarges).


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    Laurus.

    The laurel

    XXXIII.

    Praescia venturi laurus fert signa salutis,
    Subdita pulvillo somnia vera facit.[1]
    ALIUD.
    Debetur Charolo superatis laurea Poenis: [2]
    Victrices ornent talia serta comas.

    The laurel that can tell what is to come provides omens of prosperity. Put under the pillow it brings true dreams.
    Other:.
    Now that the Poeni [i.e. North Africans / Tunisians] have been defeated, Charles deserves the laurel - let wreaths of laurel adorn the victor’s locks.

    Notes:

    1. The laurel was sacred to Apollo, god of prophecy. The priestess of Apollo at Delphi induced a prophetic trance by chewing laurel leaves. Prophecies were sometimes written on laurel leaves. If laurel leaves crackle when thrown into the flames, happiness is portended.

    2. Emperor Charles V took Tunis in North Africa in 1535. Poeni (‘Phoenicians’) was an alternate name for the people of Carthage, where Tunis was later established.


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      • trees: laurel (+ plants used symbolically) [25G3(LAUREL)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Africans [32B32] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • pillow [41A7632] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • crowning the victor with laurel [45I6110] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Prediction, Prophecy; 'Augurio', 'Divinatione', 'Profetia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Protection; 'Custodia', 'Difesa contra nimici, malefici & venefici', 'Difesa contra pericoli', 'Riparo da i tradimenti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54E42(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(CHARLES V [of Holy Roman Empire])3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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