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Respublica liberata.

The republic restored to freedom

XLVII.

Caesaris exitio ceu libertate recepta.
Haec ducibus Brutis cusa moneta fuit.
Ensiculi in primis, queis pileus insuper adstat,
Qualem missa manu servitia accipiunt.[1]

When Caesar had been destroyed, as a sign of liberty regained, this coin was struck by the leaders, Brutus and his brother. In chief are daggers, beside which there also stands a cap, such as slaves receive when set free.

Notes:

1.  Julius Caesar, who had become in effect the sole ruler of Rome, was assassinated on the Ides of March in 44 BC by Marcus and Decimus Brutus, Cassius and other conspirators. Alciato describes the well-known coin-type celebrating the restoration of republican government issued by Brutus after the murder. This bears the legend EID.MAR. (The Ides of March) across the lower section; above this, occupying the upper two thirds of the coin face, are two upright daggers with a cap of liberty between. Alciato had presumably seen or owned such a coin. He wrote a short treatise on ancient coins.


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    Consiliarii Principum.

    Counsellors of princes

    LI.

    Heroum genitos, & magnum fertur Achillem
    In stabulis Chiron erudiisse suis.[1]
    Semiferum doctorem, & semivirum centaurum,
    Assideat quisquis regibus, esse decet.
    Est fera, dum violat socios, dum proterit hostes:
    Estque homo, dum simulat se populo esse pium.

    It is said that Chiron brought up in his stables the sons of heroes and the great Achilles. He shows us that anyone who sits in counsel with kings is a teacher who is half a beast, a centaur who is half a man. He is the beast when he attacks supporters and tramples on enemies. He is the man when he feigns compassion for the people.

    Notes:

    1.  Chiron, the wise centaur entrusted with the education of Achilles, Aesculapius, and other noble figures. Centaurs were creatures combining the physical and mental characteristics of a man with those of a horse. They were wild and uncontrolled, and came to symbolise humanity descending to savagery. Even the civilised Chiron, the educator, retained violent potential.


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