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Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[P1r p225]

Mesdisance.

LXVII.

D’Archiloque[1] au tumbeau la guespe est engravee,
Pour monstrer que sa langue estoit envenimee.

Commentaires.

Archiloque fut si picquant & mordant en sa
poŽsie, que par ses poignants jambes il contraignit
Lycambe, son beau pere, de s’aller estrangler. De lŗ
est venu qu’on a appelť Archiloques tous ceux qui
ont escrit d’un stile ainsi venimeux. Les guespes sont
engravees sur son tumbeau, non seulement pource
qu’elles sont enrouŽes & mordantes, mais aussi pour-
ce que d’elles on ne tire ny plaisir ny proffit.

Notes:

1.Archilochus was an eighth-century BC poet, author of much (now fragmentary) verse, including satire. This last was considered in antiquity to be excessively abusive and violent. See Horace, Ars Poetica, 79; also Erasmus, Adagia, 60 (Irritare crabrones).


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    • insects: wasp (+ animals used symbolically) [25F711(WASP)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • grave, tomb [4.20E+32] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Calumny, Detraction; 'Biasimo vitioso', 'Calunnia', 'Detrattione', 'Maledicenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57BB25(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(ARCHILOCHUS)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Single Emblem View

    Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[n8r p207]

    Luxuria.

    Licentiousness

    LXI.

    Eruca capripes redimitus tempora Faunus
    Immodicae Veneris symbola certa refert.
    Est eruca salax,[1] indexque libidinis hircus,
    Et satyri nymphas semper amare solent.[2]

    Goat-footed Faunus, his temples garlanded with the herb rocket, provides unmistakable symbols of desire without restraint. Rocket stimulates desire, the goat is a symbol of sexual appetite, and the satyrs are always lusting after the nymphs.

    Notes:

    1.Rocket is described as herba salax at Ovid, Ars amatoria, 4.22. Pliny, Natural History, 10.83.182 and 19.44.154, lists it as an aphrodisiac.

    2.Satyrs were creatures half-human, half-goat in form, like Faunus, and Pan with whom Faunus was often identified. See emblems 277 ([A56a277]), and 105 ([A56a105]). Cf. Horace, Odes, 3.18.1: ‘Faunus, you who lust after the fleeing nymphs’.


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