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Garrulitas.

Garrulity.

LXXIII [=74] .

Quid matutinos Progne mihi garrula somnos
Rumpis,[1] & obstrepero Daulias ore canis?
Dignus epops Tereus, qui maluit ense putare
Qum linguam immodicam stirpitus eruere.[2]

Procne, why do you disturb my morning slumbers with your chattering? Why, bird of Daulis, sing with never-ceasing voice? Tereus deserved to become a hoopoe, for he preferred to lop off with a sword your unrestrained tongue, rather than tear it out by the roots.

Notes:

1. garrula somnos rumpis, ‘disturb my...slumbers with your chattering’. See Aelian, De natura animalium, 9.17: “the swallow, an uninvited guest, saddening the dawn with her chattering and interrupting the sweetest part of our slumbers.”

2. Procne and Philomela were daughters of Pandion, king of Athens. Tereus, king of Daulis (town in Phocis) married Procne and had a son (Itys) by her. He raped her sister Philomela and cut out her tongue to prevent her telling of his misdeeds. She managed however to send a message to her sister Procne (through weaving it into a tapestry), who took her revenge by cooking Itys and serving him up as a meal to his father. When Tereus pursued them with a sword, Philomela was turned into a swallow, Procne into a nightingale and Tereus into a hoopoe. In Latin writers the names are often reversed, with Procne becoming a swallow (as here), Philomela a nightingale. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 6.424ff, especially 555-7.


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    • song-birds: swallow [25F32(SWALLOW)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Prolixity, Verbosity, Loquacity; 'Loquacit' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52D4(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Philomela, Procne and Tereus changed into nightingale, swallow, hoopoe (or hawk): Tereus seeks to kill Philomela and Procne for having slain his son; in their flight the two sisters are changed into a nightingale and a swallow; Tereus is changed into a ho [97DD23(+0)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Ars naturam adiuvans.

    Art assisting nature

    LXXVII [=78] .

    Ut Fortuna pilae,[1] cubo sic insidet Hermes:
    Artibus hic, variis casibus illa praeest.
    Adversus vim Fortunae est ars facta:[2] sed artis
    Cm Fortuna mala est, saepe requirit opem.
    Disce bonas artes igitur studiosa iuventus,
    Quae certae secum commoda sortis habent.

    As Fortune rests on a sphere, so Hermes sits on a cube. He presides over the arts, she over the varied chances of life. Art was developed to counteract the effect of Fortune, but when Fortune is bad it often needs the assistance of Art. Therefore, studious youths, learn good arts, which bring with them the benefits of an outcome not subject to chance.

    Notes:

    1. Variant reading, Ut spherae Fortuna, with the same meaning.

    2. Variant reading, Adversus vim Fortunae est ars tuta, ‘Art is safe against the power of Fortune’.


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      • 'Natura' (allegorical figure or scene; or as Diana of Ephesus, with many breasts); 'Natura' (Ripa) [20] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • sitting on an elevation [31A2352] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • symbolic representations, allegories and emblems ~ art; 'Arte' (Ripa) [480] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • symbolic representations, allegories and emblems ~ education; 'Ammaestramento', Dottrina', 'Educatione', 'Istitutione' (Ripa) [49A0:31D12] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • student [49B44] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • symbolic representations, allegories and emblems ~ science, 'Scientia'; 'Scienza', 'Studio' (Ripa) [49C0] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • the liberal arts, 'Artes Liberales' [49C1] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • hexahedron, cube [49D452] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • sphere, globe ~ stereometry [49D48] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Luck, Fortune, Lot; 'Fato', 'Fortuna', 'Fortuna aurea', 'Fortuna buona', 'Fortuna pacifica overo clemente', 'Sorte' (Ripa) (+ abstract concept represented by female figure) [54F12(+11)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Luck, Fortune, Lot; 'Fato', 'Fortuna', 'Fortuna aurea', 'Fortuna buona', 'Fortuna pacifica overo clemente', 'Sorte' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54F12(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • specific aspects, allegorical aspects of Mercury; Mercury as patron [92B57] Search | Browse Iconclass

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