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Section: SUPERBIA (Pride). View all emblems in this section.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [E7r p77]

Φιλαυτία

Self-satisfaction.

Quòd nimiùm tua forma tibi Narcisse placebat,
In florem, & noti est versa stuporis olus.[1]
Ingenii est marcor, cladesque Philautia: doctos
Quae pessum plures datque deditque viros:
Qui veterum abiecta methodo, nova dogmata quaerunt,
Nilque suas praeter tradere phantasias.

Because your beauty gave you too much satisfaction, Narcissus, it was turned both into a flower and into a plant of acknowledged insensibility. Self-satisfaction is the rot and destruction of the mind. Learned men in plenty it has ruined, and ruins still, men who cast off the method of teachers of old and aim to pass on new doctrines, nothing more than their own imaginings.

Notes:

1.  For the story of Narcissus, see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 3.344ff. On the flower, see Pliny, Natural History, 21.75.128: “there are two kinds of narcissus... The leafy one ... makes the head thick and is called narcissus from narce (‘numbness’), not from the boy in the story.” (cf. ‘narcotic’).


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [F6v p92]

Cacquet.

Apostrophe.

Pourquoy romps tu mon repos Hirondelle
Par ton babil?[1] digne d’estre hupe telle
Que fut Tereus, Quand par glaive trencher
Voulut ta langue: & non pas l’arracher.[2]

Comme Progné ayant par Tereus son vio-
lateur la langue couppée, fut muée en une
Hirondelle jaseresse. Ainsi ceulx qui savent &
peuvent moins bien parler, sont les plus ba-
billars, fachans les aultres de leur cacquet.

Notes:

1.  ‘disturb my...slumbers with your chattering’. See Aelian, De natura animalium, 9.17: ‘the swallow, an uninvited guest, saddening the dawn with her chattering and interrupting the sweetest part of our slumbers.’

2.  Procne and Philomela were daughters of Pandion, king of Athens. Tereus, king of Daulis (town in Phocis) married Procne and had a son (Itys) by her. He raped her sister Philomela and cut out her tongue to prevent her telling of his misdeeds. She managed however to send a message to her sister Procne (through weaving it into a tapestry), who took her revenge by cooking Itys and serving him up as a meal to his father. When Tereus pursued them with a sword, Philomela was turned into a swallow, Procne into a nightingale and Tereus into a hoopoe. In Latin writers the names are often reversed, with Procne becoming a swallow (as here), Philomela a nightingale. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 6.424ff, especially 555-7.


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  • Prolixity, Verbosity, Loquacity; 'Loquacità' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52D4(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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