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EMBLEMA XI.

Abstinentia.

Integrity

Marmoreae in tumulis, una stat parte columnae
Urceus, ex alia cernere malluvium est
Ius haec forma monet dictum sine sordibus esse
Defunctum puras atque habuisse manus.

On a tomb, at one side of the marble pillar, stands a water-jug, at the other you can see a basin. This design tells us that justice was pronounced without corruption, and that the deceased kept his hands clean.

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Das XI.

Abbruch.

Ein Krug gemacht auß Marmelstein
Steht wie ein Seul auff dem Eck ein
Deß Steinern Tisch, auffm andern Eck
Aber findstu ston ein Handbeck
Diß bild ermannt das gschriben Recht
Sol rein seyn und on wandel schlecht
Und deß Richters Hend sollen seyn
Von allen miet und gaben rein.


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    EMBLEMA IX.

    Principis clementia.

    Clemency in a ruler

    Vesparum quod nulla unquam Rex spicula figet:[1]
    Quódque aliis duplo corpore maior erit.
    Arguet imperium clemens, moderataque regna.
    Sanctaque iudicibus credita iura bonis.

    The king of the wasps will never implant any sting and will be twice as big as the rest. This will be a sign of mild dominion, a disciplined kingdom, and inviolable law entrusted to good judges.

    Das IX.

    Fürstliche Gnad.

    Das der Wespen König nimmer
    Mit seim Angel sticht, und daß er
    An seinem Leib zweymal ist groß
    Dann die andern Wespen genoß
    Zeigt an ein gnedig Regiment
    Und stilles Reich darinn man lendt
    All Hendel und sachen nach recht
    Wie es vertrauwt ist dem Richter schlecht.

    Notes:

    1.  According to Pliny, Natural History, 11.21.74, wasps do not have ‘kings’: it is the ‘mother’ wasps that are without stings. On the other hand, the ‘king’ bee (the ancients believed the queen bee to be male) and its lack of sting, or refusal to use its sting, was often mentioned; e.g. Aelian, De natura animalium, 5.10; Pliny, ibid., 17.52. For the analogy with kingship, see e.g. Seneca, De Clementia, 1.19; Erasmus, Adagia, 2601 (Scarabaeus aquilam quaerit).


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