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SIGNA FORTIUM.

The mark of the brave

Quae te causa movet volucris saturnia[1] magni,
Ut tumulo insideas ardua Aristomenis[2]?
Hoc moneo quantum inter aves ego robore praesto,
Tantum semideos inter Aristomenes.
Insideant timidae timidorum busta columbae,
Nos aquilae intrepidis signa benigna damus.

Saturnian bird, what cause brings you to stand with uplifted wings on the tomb of mighty Aristomenes? - I tell you this - as I stand out among the birds in power, so does Aristomenes among the sons of gods. Fearful doves may perch on the graves of the fearful. We eagles give signs of favour to the fearless.

Notes:

1. volucris Saturnia, ‘Saturnian bird’, i.e. the eagle, attendant on Jupiter, son of Saturn.

2. Aristomenes was a Messenian hero of the seventh century BC, of semi-divine origin, who performed incredible exploits while leading his country for many years in resistance to the Spartans. On one occasion an eagle aided his miraculous escape from captivity.


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  • doves, pigeons [34B231] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosit… dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virtu del animo', 'Forza'(Ripa) [54A7] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Courage, Bravery, Valiance, Manliness; 'Ardire magnanimo et generoso', 'Gagliardezza', 'Valore', 'Virtù heroica', 'Virtù dell'animo e del corpo' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54A8(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Cowardice [54AA8] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Fear, Dread; 'Paura', 'Timidità o Timore', 'Timore' (Ripa) [56DD1] Search | Browse Iconclass

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EMBLEMA CVII.

In Astrologos.

Against astrologers

Icare per superos qui raptus & ara, donec
Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [L4r f71r]In mare praecipitem caera liquata daret,[1]
Nunc te caera eadem, fervensque resuscitat[2] ignis,[3]
Exemplo ut doceas dogmata certa tuo.
Astrologus[4] caveat quicquam praedicere, praeceps
Nam cadet impostor, dum super[5] astra volat.

Icarus, you were carried through the heights of heaven and through the air, until the melted wax cast you headlong into the sea. Now the same wax and the burning fire raise you up again, so that by your example you may provide sure teaching. Let the astrologer beware of prediction. Headlong will the imposter fall, as he flies beyond the stars.

Das CVII.

In die Sternseher.

Icare der du gfaren bist
In der Hch durch die Wolcken mit list
Bi da das Wach wurd weich und schmoltz
Und du ins Meer filst wie ein Holtz?
Nun ermundert dich wider jetz
Eben di wach und feuwrig hitz
Das du gebest ein gwisse lehr
Durch dein Exempel uns jetzt her
Damit sich in dAstronomey
Ein jeder ht war zusagen frey
Dann der mit seiner Kunst ist schnell
Ins Himmels lauff, kompt in ungfell.

Notes:

1. Cf. Anthologia graeca 16.107, a poem on a bronze statue of Icarus, translated by Alciato at Selecta epigrammata (Cornarius, ed.) p.333. Icarus and his father Daedalus (Emblem 29 [A67a029] notes) escaped from King Minos of Crete on wings of feathers and wax. Icarus was over-bold and flew too near the sun; when his wings melted, he crashed into the Icarian Sea and was drowned. See Ovid, Metamorphoses 8.183ff. Icarus, like Phaethon (Emblem 109 [A67a109]) was a type of those who do not keep to their proper station.

2. Corrected from the errata.

3. ‘same wax...fire’: a reference to the cire perdue method of casting statues.

4. Corrected from the errata.

5. Corrected from the errata.


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