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Das [=EMBLEMA] CXXIIII.

Etiam ferocissimos domari.

Even the fiercest are tamed.

Romanum postquàm eloquium, Cicerone perempto,
Perdiderat[1] patriae pestis acerba suae:
Incendit [=Inscendit] currus victor, iunxitque leones[2],
Compulit & durum colla subire iugum,
Magnanimos cessisse suis Antonius armis,
Ambage hac cupiens significare duces.

After Antony, that grievous bane of his country, had destroyed eloquence by slaying Cicero, he mounted his chariot in triumph and yoked to it lions, forcing their necks to bow to the harsh yoke, desiring by this symbolic act to indicate that great leaders had given way before his military might.

Das CXXIIII.

Man kan auch die aller frechsten zemen
und baschgen .[3]

Nach dem jetz hett verloren Rom
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [M6v f81v] Den Edlen wolberedten Mann
Ciceronem, so war umbbracht
Dem Vatterland zu grosser schmach
Satzt sich auff einen Wagen stoltz
Antonius der volle Boltz
Den zogen zwen wild Löwen groß
Als werens darzu gwente Roß
Damit gab er ja zuverstehn
Das nach seinem willen thet gehn
Dann er also seim Feind obsigt
Die grossen Fürsten undertrückt.

Notes:

1.  ‘had destroyed eloquence by slaying Cicero’. Cicero was considered Rome’s greatest orator - his name was held by many to be synonymous with eloquence itself; see Quintilian, Institutio oratoria 10.1.112. Mark Antony had Cicero murdered in 43 BC in revenge for his scathing attacks in the fourteen ‘Philippic’ orations. See Seneca the Elder, Suasoriae 6.17.

2.  Cf. Pliny, Natural History 8.21.55: Antony was the first to yoke lions to a chariot in Rome...by this unnatural sight giving people to understand that noble spirits were at that time bowing to the yoke.

3.  The German in certain parts of this emblem is particularly puzzling.


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Relating to the text:

  • Eloquence; 'Eloquenza', 'Fermezza & Gravità dell'Oratione' (Ripa) [52D3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Authority, Power; 'Dominio', 'Giurisdittione' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [53C11(+4):54F2(+2)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Vehemence, Violence, Fierceness; 'Sforza con Inganno', 'Violenza' (Ripa) [54AA4] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • death of Cicero: he is slain by soldiers at the order of the triumvirs [98B(CICERO)68] Search | Browse Iconclass

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EMBLEMA CXXVI.

Parem delinquentis & suasoris cul-
pam esse.

The one who urges wrongdoing is as guilty as the one who does the wrong

Praeconem lituo perflantem classica victrix
Captivum in tetro carcere turma tenet.
Queis ille excusat, quòd nec sit strenuus armis,
Ullius aut saevo laeserit ense latus.
Hinc illi, Quin ipse magis timidissime peccas,
Qui clangore alios aeris in arma cies.[1]

The victorious troop holds captive in a foul dungeon a herald, who sounds military commands on his trumpet. To them he makes his excuses - he is no strong fighting man and has wounded no one’s side with a cruel sword. They reply: You abject coward, you are in fact more guilty, for you with the sound of your trumpet stir up others to fight.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [M7v f82v]

Das CXXVI.

Es ist der Häler wie der Stäler.[2]

Dem sigenden hauffen in dhand
Kam und ward geworffen in die Band
Der Trommeter so in dem Feld
Sein Trommen und Posaun erschelt
Gen welchem er sich so entschüt
Das er gestritten habe nit
Noch niemand mit den Waffen sein
Beschedigt oder bracht ein pein:
Dem gabens wider diese sag
Drumb hastu mehr gsündigt du zag
Dann du mit deinr Trommeten schall
Die andern zum streit greitzt hast all.

Notes:

1.  This is a version of Aesop, Fables 325.

2.  This is a proverbial expression.


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