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EMBLEMA CXLII.

Ira.

Rage.

Alcaeam veteres caudam dixere Leonis,
Qua stimulante iras concipit ille graves.
Lutea cum surgit bilis, crudescit & atro
Felle dolor, furias excitat indomitas.[1]

The ancients called the lion’s tail alcaea, for under its stimulus he takes on dreadful fury. When the yellow bile rises and his temper grows savage with the black gall, the tail incites his indomitable rage.

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Das CXLII.

Zorn.

Die alten haben sLöwen Schwantz
Alceam reitz sterck gnennet gantz
Mit welchem so er sich selbs schlecht
Zu grossem zorn er wirt bewegt
Wann die grün gel Gall auffsteign thut
Erneuwerts den schmertzen mit unmuth
Erwegt gantz unberd und ungstumb
Die wütend unsinnigkeit thumb.

Notes:

1.  The Greek word ἀλκαία was supposedly derived from ἀλκή ‘strength’ (see emblem 4, n.3, [A67a004]). The Etymologicum Magnum, an ancient Greek lexicon, defines ἀλκαία as ‘properly the tail of the lion, because it urges him on to strength (ἀλκή)’. Pliny, Natural History, 8.16.49, describes how the lion’s tail lashes with increasing fury and spurs him on. See also Aelian, De natura animalium, 5.39.


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    • beasts of prey, predatory animals: lion (+ silent means of communication of animal(s): wagging of tail etc.) [25F23(LION)(+491)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • beasts of prey, predatory animals: lion (+ fighting animals; aggressive relations) [25F23(LION)(+51)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Rage, Anger (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    EMBLEMA CXL.

    Superbia.

    Pride

    En statuae statua,[1] & ductum de marmore marmor,
    Se conferre deis ausa procax Niobe.[2]
    Est vitium muliebre superbia, & arguit oris
    Duritiem, ac sensus, qualis inest lapidi.

    Behold a statue of a statue, marble carved from marble, insolent Niobe, who dared to set herself up against the gods. Pride is a woman’s vice, and shows hardness of face and feeling, such as exists in a stone.

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    Das CXL.

    Hoffart.[3]

    Schauw an ein Seul beyr andern stan
    Und ein Marmel am andern dran
    Die freffel Niob hat sich gleich
    Achten dörffen den Göttern reich
    Hoffart ist ein Weibisch unart
    Zeigt an gwiß und bezeugt zur fart
    Ein Menschen der mit Hertz und Mund
    Ist herter dann ein Stein all stund.

    Notes:

    1.  According to the best-known story of her fate, Niobe was turned to stone. For the statue of Niobe by Praxiteles, see Ausonius, Epigrams, 63.2 and Anthologia Graeca, 16.130, a much translated epigram, which seems to have been in Alciato’s thoughts here.

    2.  Niobe in her pride boasted that having 12 (or 14) children, she was superior to Lato with just two, i.e. Apollo and Diana. These gods in revenge slew all her children and in her grief Niobe hardened into a rock; see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 6.165ff. See further, Erasmus, Adagia, 2233, ‘Niobes mala’.

    3.  This woodcut does not correspond to the context of this emblem. It is designed for Emblem 194 ([A67a193]), where death is brought by Death and Cupid, rather than Apollo and Diana.


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