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Mesdisance.

LXVII.

D’Archiloque[1] au tumbeau la guespe est engravee,
Pour monstrer que sa langue estoit envenimee.

Commentaires.

Archiloque fut si picquant & mordant en sa
poësie, que par ses poignants jambes il contraignit
Lycambe, son beau pere, de s’aller estrangler. De là
est venu qu’on a appelé Archiloques tous ceux qui
ont escrit d’un stile ainsi venimeux. Les guespes sont
engravees sur son tumbeau, non seulement pource
qu’elles sont enrouëes & mordantes, mais aussi pour-
ce que d’elles on ne tire ny plaisir ny proffit.

Notes:

1.  Archilochus was an eighth-century BC poet, author of much (now fragmentary) verse, including satire. This last was considered in antiquity to be excessively abusive and violent. See Horace, Ars Poetica, 79; also Erasmus, Adagia, 60 (Irritare crabrones).


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    • insects: wasp (+ animals used symbolically) [25F711(WASP)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • grave, tomb [4.20E+32] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Calumny, Detraction; 'Biasimo vitioso', 'Calunnia', 'Detrattione', 'Maledicenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57BB25(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(ARCHILOCHUS)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    EMBLEMA CLXXIX [=178] .

    Vespertilio.

    The bat

    Assumpsisse suum volucri ex Meneide nomen,[1]
    Socraticum authores Choerephoonta ferunt[2]
    Fusca viro facies, & stridens vocula, tali
    Hunc hominem potuit commaculare nota.

    Writers tell us that Chaerephon, Socrates’ follower, got his particular name from the winged daughter of Minyas. It was his sallow complexion and squeaky little voice that gave rise to such a slur to sully his reputation.

    Das CLXXIX [=178] .

    Fledermauß.

    Die Gschichtschreiber geben zuverston
    Daß der Socratisch Cherophon
    Sein namen empfangen hab drauß
    Von der Meneischen Fledermauß
    Ein Mann so hat ein braun angsicht
    Und ein stimm zu zischen gericht
    Disen Menschen man mercken kan
    Mit diesem zeichen, und verstan.

    Notes:

    1.  For the transformation of the daughters of Minyas (the founder of the earliest race of Greeks) into bats - for refusing to worship Dionysus - see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4.389ff.

    2.  Chaerophon, a distinguished disciple of Socrates, was nick-named ‘The Bat’ and ‘Boxwood’ for his pale complexion and poor health, supposedly brought on by excessive study. See Aristophanes, Aves, 1564; Philostratus, Vitae sophistarum, 1.482.


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      • study and diversion [49A1] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • studying at night [49B4411] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Minyas' daughters changed into bats: having aroused Bacchus' anger by weaving instead of worshipping him, the daughters of Minyas, Leuconoe (Leucippe), Alcithoe and Arsippe, are changed into bats by the god (Ovid, Metamorphoses IV 399) [97CC7] Search | Browse Iconclass
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