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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Z4v f180v]

VESPERTILIO.

The bat

Emblema. 61.

Assumpsisse suum volucri ex Mineide nomen,[1]
Socraticum autores Chaeroophonta ferunt.[2]
Fusca viro facies, & stridens vocula, tali
Hunc hominem potuit commaculare nota.

Writers tell us that Chaerephon, Socrates’ follower, got his particular name from the winged daughter of Minyas. It was his sallow complexion and squeaky little voice that gave rise to such a slur to sully his reputation.

Notes:

1.  For the transformation of the daughters of Minyas (the founder of the earliest race of Greeks) into bats - for refusing to worship Dionysus - see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4.389ff.

2.  Chaerophon, a distinguished disciple of Socrates, was nick-named ‘The Bat’ and ‘Boxwood’ for his pale complexion and poor health, supposedly brought on by excessive study. See Aristophanes, Aves, 1564; Philostratus, Vitae sophistarum, 1.482.


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  • study and diversion [49A1] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • studying at night [49B4411] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Minyas' daughters changed into bats: having aroused Bacchus' anger by weaving instead of worshipping him, the daughters of Minyas, Leuconoe (Leucippe), Alcithoe and Arsippe, are changed into bats by the god (Ovid, Metamorphoses IV 399) [97CC7] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(CHAEREPHON)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Q6v-f113v]

EMBLEMA CLXXXI [=180] .

In fraudulentos.

Deceivers

Parva lacerta, atris stellatus corpora guttis
Stellio,[1] qui latebras, & cava busta colit.
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Q7r f114r]Invidiae, pravique doli fert symbola pictus.
Heu nimium nuribus cognita zelotypis.
Nam turpi obtegitur faciem, lentigine quisquis,
Sit quibus immersus Stellio, vina bibat.[2]
Hinc vindicta frequens decepta pellice vino,
Quam formae amisso flore relinquit amans.

The little lizard, called the ‘starred’ gecko from the dark star-shaped marks sprinkled all over its body, a creature that lurks in holes and hollow tombs, is pictured here and presents symbols of resentment and wicked deception, known only too well to jealous wives. For anyone who drinks wine in which a spotted gecko has been soaked comes out in ugly spots all over the face. This is often a way of taking revenge - the husband’s fancy woman is tricked with wine, and, when the flower of her beauty is gone, her lover abandons her.

Das CLXXXI [=180] .

Von den trügenhafftigen arglistigen .[3]

Das Edexen Gschlecht so ist klein
Und gesprecklet an der Haut sein
Darnach mans auch zu nennen pflegt
Und in die höler sich versteckt
Ist ein bedeutnuß abgebildt
Der verbunst, deß trug und lists milt
Fürwar den Hünen ist bekannt
Die uber ir man eyffrn im Welschlandt
Dann welches trincken thut den wein
Darinn diese würm erseufft sein
Diß angsicht wirt voll flecken gsetzt
Gantz ungstalt und die schön verletzt
Offt reichen sich mit diesem Wein
Die in nagen an irem beyn
Daß der Buler die dirne haßt
Weil sie ir schöne gstalt verlaßt.

Notes:

1.  stellio, ‘the ‘starred’ gecko’. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5.461 for the explanation of the name stellio.

2.  Nam turpi...vina bibat, ‘anyone who drinks wine...all over the face’. See Pliny, Natural History, 29.22.73.

3.  The German in certain parts of this emblem is particularly puzzling.


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