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ARBORES.

Cupressus.

The Cypress

Emblema cxcviii.

Indicat effigies metae, noménque cupressi
Tractandos parili conditione suos.[1]
Aliud.
Funesta est arbor, procerum monumenta Cupressus,
Quale apium plebis, comere fronde solet.[2]
Aliud.
Pulchra coma est, pulchro digestaeque ordine frondes,
Sed fructus nullos haec coma pulchra gerit.[3]

The cone-shaped form and the name ‘cypress’ indicate that one’s people should be dealt with on equal terms.
Other: The cypress is a funereal tree. Its branches usually adorn the memorials of leading men as parsley-stems adorn those of humble people.
Other: The foliage is beautiful, and the leaves all arranged in neat order, but this beautiful foliage bears no fruit.

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UT ex naturis animantium, rerúmque aliarum spe-
ctata proprietate, sumitur aliquod symbolum ad
aliquid designandum: ita ex plantis & arboribus: ut
quercus[4] hîc ad tria accommodatur.

1.Ad aequalitatem inter suos significandam, quòd
ea arbor & in foliis & fructibus videatur aliquam
aequalitatem servare.

2.Ad mortis notam: eius enim rami adhibeban-
tur olim in magnatum principúmque funeribus: ut
apium plebis.

3.In eos torquetur qui quanquam pulchrum ne-
scio quid prae se ferant, nullos tamen ex se fructus e-
ducunt.

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Le Cypres.

LEs rameaux de Cypres, ainsi qu’ils se comportent,
Et le nom & son bois & branches se rapportent
Depuis le tige & bas jusqu’à la sommité,
Monstrant qu’il faut es siens tenir egalité.
Autre.
Des riches les tombeaux ornez de Cypres furent:
Mais les moindres es leurs l’Ache seulement eurent.
Autre.
En branches & rameaux tout de bel ordre suit
Au Cypres beau à voir, mais il n’a point de fruit.

COmme par la consideration que lon fait
sur la nature des animaux, & d’autres
choses on tire des devises pour figurer quel-
que conception de l’esprit, tout de mesme
fait-on des plantes & arbres, comme icy le
chesne[5] s’accommode à trois choses.
1.Premierement il sert pour signifier une
egalité entre les siens, par-ce que cest arbre
en ses fueilles & fruits semble garder certai-
ne egalité & convenance.
2.pour une marque de mort: car ses bran-
ches estoyent au passé employees aux fune-
railles des grans: comme les fueilles de l’Ache,
es enterremens des gens de moyenne condition.
3.est prins à l’encontre de ceux, lesquels
quoy qu’ils se monstrent estre beaux, si est-ce
qu’ils ne rapportent rien de bon.

Notes:

1.  This refers to the supposed etymology, Greek κύειν and πάρισος ‘bear’,‘equal’.

2.  See Pliny, Natural History, 20.44.113 for the use of parsley at funeral meals.

3.  See Erasmus, Adagia, 4210 (Cyparissi fructus).

4.  Both Latin and French texts speak here of the oak tree but the following numbered texts refer correctly to the cypress.

5.  See note 4.


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EMBLEMA CCIII [=200] .

Laurus.

The laurel

Praescia venturae Laurus fert signa salutis
Subdita pulvillo somnia vera facit.[1]

The laurel that can tell what is to come provides omens of prosperity. Put under the pillow it brings true dreams.

Das CCIII [=200] .

Lorberbaum.

Der Laur Baum gwiß vor zeichen helt
Deß künfftigen glücks unverschelt
Und gibt ware treum unerschreckt
So er under das Küssen wirt glegt.

EMBLEMA CCIIII [=200 second part] .

Aliud.

Other

Debetur Carlo superatis Laurea poenis,[2]
Victrices ornant talia serta comas.

Now that the Poeni [i.e. North Africans / Tunisians] have been defeated, Charles deserves the laurel - let wreaths of laurel adorn the victor’s locks.

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Das CCIIII [=200 second part] .

Ein anderß.

Keyser Carle ghört ein Lorkrantz
Das er den weissen Moren gantz
Hat obgesigt, dann der obleit
Ein solchen Krantz mit ehren treit.

Notes:

1.  The laurel was sacred to Apollo, god of prophecy. The priestess of Apollo at Delphi induced a prophetic trance by chewing laurel leaves. Prophecies were sometimes written on laurel leaves. If laurel leaves crackle when thrown into the flames, happiness is portended.

2.  Emperor Charles V took Tunis in North Africa in 1535. Poeni (‘Phoenicians’) was an alternate name for the people of Carthage, where Tunis was later established.


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    • trees: laurel (+ plants used symbolically) [25G3(LAUREL)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
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    • pillow [41A7632] Search | Browse Iconclass
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    • Prediction, Prophecy; 'Augurio', 'Divinatione', 'Profetia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Protection; 'Custodia', 'Difesa contra nimici, malefici & venefici', 'Difesa contra pericoli', 'Riparo da i tradimenti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54E42(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
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