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Cotonea.

The quince

Emblema cciii.

Poma novis tribui debere Cydonia nuptis
Dicitur antiquus constituisse Solon.[1]
Grata ori & stomacho cùm sint, ut & halitus illis
Sit suavis, blandus manet & ore lepos.

Solon of old is said to have ordained that quinces be given to newly-weds, since these are pleasant both to mouth and stomach. As a result their breath is sweet, and winning grace drops from their lips.

PLutarchus testis est in praeceptis connubialibus
Cotonea, quòd cor reficiant, suavémque ori ha-
litum inspirent, olim Solonis lege novis coniugibus
dari solita: ut admonerentur primo illo congressa o-
mnia transigenda corde puro, ore, linguáque ador-
nata & pudica.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Cc3v f279v]

Le Coing.

LA coustume estoit selon
L’Ordonnance de Solon,
De donner de la Coingnasse
A tous mariez nouveaux,
Pour faire, qu’avec la grace,
Du coeur & à bouche pleine
Sortissent de propos beaux
Avec une bonne haleine.

PLutarque tesmoigne en ses preceptes
de mariage, que Solon ordonna par ses
loix que lon donnast de la Coingnasse aux
nouveaux mariez, à raison qu’elle est bonne
au coeur, & fait bonne bouche: à fin qu’ils fus
sent advertis que ceste premiere entree d’al
liance conjugale il falloit que tout se fit a-
vec un coeur pur, & une bonne bouche, avec
une langue pleine de tous bon propos.

Notes:

1.  antiquus...Solon, ‘Solon of old’. See Plutarch, Coniugalia praecepta, Moralia 138 D.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [S6v f129v]

EMBLEMA CCXV [=210] .

Salix.

The willow

Quod frugiperdam salicem vocitârit Homerus,[1]
Clitoriis homines moribus assimulat.[2]

When Homer called the willow ‘seed-loser’, he made it like men with Clitorian habits.

Das CCXV [=210] .

Weidenbaum.

Das Homerus hat nennen thon
Den Weidenbaum ein Frucht verthon
Damit wirt angezeigt und gfast
Ein klitter Mann, der den Wein hast.

Notes:

1.  Homer, Odyssey, 10.510. See Pliny, Natural History, 16.46.110: the willow drops its seed before it is absolutely ripe, and for that reason was called by Homer ‘seed-loser’.

2.  The waters of Lake Clitorius in Arcadia generated an aversion to wine in those who drank of them. See Pliny, Natural History, 31.13.16; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 15.322ff. The combination of the two images here may symbolise minds and characters gone to the bad and producing nothing of value. See Erasmus, Parabolae, p. 268: “As willow-seed, shed before it ripens, is not only itself barren but when used as a drug causes barrenness in women by preventing conception, so the words of those who teach before they have truly learnt sense not only make them no better in themselves, but corrupt their audience and render it unteachable”; and p. 230: “Those who have drunk of the Clitorian Lake develop a distaste for wine, and those who have once tasted poetry reject the counsels of philosophy, or the other way round. Equally, those who gorge themselves with fashionable pleasures reject those satisfactions which are honourable and genuine.”


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    • trees: willow (+ plants used symbolically) [25G3(WILLOW)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • sobriety; 'Sobrietà', 'Astinenza' (Ripa) [31B59] Search | Browse Iconclass
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