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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l2r p163]

Doctos doctis obloqui nefas
esse.

It is wicked for scholars to wrangle with other scholars

XCIX.

Quid rapis heu Progne vocalem saeva Cicadam,
Pignoribusque tuis fercula dira paras?[1]
Ac stridula stridulam[2], vernam verna, hospita laedis
Hospitam, & aligeram penniger ales avem?
Ergo abice hanc praedam, nam musica pectora summum est
Alterum ab alterius dente perire nefas.

Alas, Procne, why, cruel bird, do you sieze on the melodious cicada and prepare a dreadful banquet for your young? A whistler yourself, you harm the shrill singer; a summer visitor, you hurt another fine-weather caller; a guest, you harm a guest; a feathered bird, you hurt another winged creature. So let this prize go. It is the greatest sin for hearts devoted to the Muses to perish by one another’s tooth.

COMMENTARIA.

Increpat hirundinem avem, cicadam rapien-
tem, his verbis quid rapis dira Progne cantan
tem Cicadam, quid escam adeò crudelem tuis
pullis paras? tu stridens stridentem aestivalis
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l2v p164]aestivalem, hospita hospitam, volans volantem.
Avis denique avem perdis? quin potius proiice
dimitteque huiusmodi praedam, iniquum enim
est & iniuriosum eiusdem conditionis musi-
cos animos invicem insidiari. Quomodo au
tem Progne in hirundinem sit mutata, dictum
est suprà in Embl. 44.[3] ex Ovidii lib. 6. Metamorphoseon.
Hirundines hyeme discedere videmus, & re-
fert Plinius lib. 18. cap. 31. pariter & Cicadas fri-
goris tempore evanescere. Idem lib. 11. cap 26.
Utraeque etiam adventu aestatem praesagiunt.

Notes:

1.  The reference is to the legend of Procne’s metamorphosis into a swallow. See [A56a274]. For swallows catching cicadas, see Aelian, De natura animalium 8.6.

2.  Textual variant: Stridula stridentem.

3.  See [A56a044]


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Relating to the text:

  • discussion, dialogue, dispute ~ scholar, philosopher [49C40] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • scholar or scientist with muse [49L(+101)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Similarity, Likeness [51B2] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Eloquence; 'Eloquenza', 'Fermezza & Gravit� dell'Oratione' (Ripa) [52D3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Disagreement, Discord; 'Discordia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54EE31(+4):51B3(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Malevolence, Maliciousness; 'Malevolenza', 'Malignit�', 'Malvagit�' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57AA7(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • (story of the) Muses; 'Muse' (Ripa) [92D4] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Philomela, Procne and Tereus changed into nightingale, swallow, hoopoe (or hawk): Tereus seeks to kill Philomela and Procne for having slain his son; in their flight the two sisters are changed into a nightingale and a swallow; Tereus is changed into a ho [97DD23] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O2r p211]

Ex pace ubertas.

Prosperity as the result of peace

EMBLEMA CLXXVIII.

Grandibus ex spicis tenues contexe corollas,
Quas circum alterno palmite vitis eat.
His comptae Alcyones[1] tranquilli in marmoris unda
Nidificant, pullos involucresque fovent.
Laetus erit Cereri, Baccho quoque[2] fertilis annus,
AEquorei si rex alitis instar[3] erit.

From fat ears of corn weave supple garlands, and let the vine encircle them with alternating stems. Decked out with these the halcyon birds build their nests on the wave of the glassy sea, and cherish their unfledged chicks. - The year will be rich for Ceres and fertile for Bacchus too, if the king is the image of the bird of the sea.

Notes:

1.  ‘halcyon birds’. For these see Aelian, De natura animalium 1.36; 9.17; Pliny, Natural History. 10.47.89-91; and for the legend of their transformation, Ovid, Metamorphoses 11, 410ff, esp. 728ff. Halcyons were supposed to build a nest and launch it on the sea at a time of calm peaceful weather provided for them about the time of the winter solstice. See Erasmus, Adagia 1552, Halcedonia sunt apud forum.

2.  ‘for Ceres...and for Bacchus too’, i.e. rich with crops of corn and wine.

3.  ‘is the image of the bird of the sea’, i.e. diffusing peace, love and concord. Before their metamorphosis into seabirds, Alcyone and her husband were a deeply loving royal couple ruling a peaceful country. This love persisted after the change, symbolised by the calm weather associated with their nesting.


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