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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N4r p199]

El Moral.

SEMIOTTAVA.

Nunca el moral prudente reverdeçe
Hasta que todo el frio sea pasado,[1]
Y tiene nombre que no le mereçe  [M]
Pues neçio (con ser sabio) fuè llamado.[2]

[Marginalia - link to text]Μῶρος.

Notes:

1.  See Pliny, Natural History, 16.25.102: ‘the mulberry is the last of domesticated trees to shoot, and only does so when the frosts are over; for that reason it is called the wisest of trees’.

2.  Reference to a supposed ‘etymology by opposites’: Latin morus ‘mulberry’ was equated with Greek μῶρος ‘fool’, but the tree was considered wise: see note 1.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P7v p238]

Quercus.

The Oak

EMBLEMA CXCIX.

Grata Iovi est quercus, qui nos servatque, fovetque:
Servanti civem querna corona datur.[1]
Aliud.
Glande aluit veteres,[2] sola nunc proficit umbra:
Sic quoque sic arbos officiosa Iovis.

The oak is pleasing to Jove who preserves and cherishes us. A crown of oak is given to one who preserves a fellow-citizen.
Other.
The oak fed men of old with its acorns. Now it benefits us only with its shade. In this way too the tree of Jove does us service.

Notes:

1.  ‘a crown of oak’, awarded for saving the life of a fellow-soldier; see Pliny, Natural History, 16.3.7.

2.  For the ancient belief that early man fed on acorns see e.g. Lucretius, De Rerum natura, 5.939; Vergil, Georgics, 1.7; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 1.106.


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