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EMBLEMA CLXXVIII [=177] .

Maledicentia.

Evil speaking

Archilochi[1] tumulo insculptas de marmore vespas
Esse ferunt,[2] linguae certa sigilla malae.

They say that on the tomb of Archilochus wasps were carved in marble, sure figures of an evil tongue.

Das CLXXVIII [=177] .

Ubelreden.

Es solln auffs Archilochs Grabstein
Wie man sagt Wespen ghauwen seyn
Sie seind ein gwiß zeichn und urkundt
Eins bösen Mauls und herben Mundt.

Notes:

1.  Archilochus was an eighth-century BC poet, author of much (now fragmentary) verse, including satire. This last was considered in antiquity to be excessively abusive and violent. See Horace, Ars Poetica, 79; also Erasmus, Adagia, 60 (Irritare crabrones).

2.  ferunt, ‘they say’: words suggested by Anthologia Graeca, 7.71, an epigram concerning the tomb of Archilochus.


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    IN RECEPTATORES
    sicariorum.

    Those who harbour cut-throats

    Emblema lii.

    Latronum, furúmque manus tibi, Scaeva[1], per urbem
    It comes, & diris cincta cohors gladiis:
    Atque ita te mentis generosum prodige censes,
    Quòd tua complures allicit olla malos.
    En novus Actaeon, qui postquàm cornua sumpsit,
    In praedam canibus se dedit ipse suis.[2]

    An evil-minded band of ruffians and thieves accompanies you about the city, a gang of supporters armed with lethal swords. And so, you wastrel, you consider yourself a fine lordly fellow because your cooking pot draws in crowds of scoundrels. - Here’s a fresh Actaeon - he, after he grew his horns, became the prey of his own hunting dogs.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I5v f77v]

    EX Phavorino citatur illud à Stobaeo: Quem-
    admodum Actaeon à canibus, quos alebat, dis-
    cerptus est: ita parasiti & assentatores eos à qui-
    bus enutriuntur, miserè perdunt. Id verò in eos
    torquet Alciatus, qui latrones furésque domi suae
    receptant: aut etiam (ut verbis utar Marcellini,
    lib.14.) qui familiarium agmina tanquam praeda-
    torios globos post terga trahunt. à quibus tandem
    miserè absumuntur.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I6r f78r]

    Contre les recelateurs de brigans & volleurs.

    TU t’estimes beaucoup d’avoir une grand’ queuë
    De spadassins, volleurs, & brigans, à la veuë
    D’un chacun; pensant bien les avoir à ton point:
    Mais ta cuisine chaude iceux attire & point.
    Fins & rusez qu’ils sont, à la table[3] ils se rengent,
    Te faisans compagnie, & ce pendant te mangent.
    O nouvel Acteon, qui estant devenu
    Sans adviser à soy, un cerf[4] au chef cornu,
    Lors que moins y pensoit sa peau est deschiree
    Par les chiens qu’il nourrit, & leur sert de curee.

    EN Stobee est cité ce traict du Philoso-
    phe Phavorin: ainsi comme Acteon fut
    desmembré & deschiré par les chiens qu’il
    nourrissoit: ainsi les happelopins & flateurs
    perdent miserablement ceux dont ils sont en-
    tretenus. Mais cecy est employé par Alciat
    contre ceux qui recellent en leurs logis les
    brigans & larrons: ou bien (afin que j'use du
    propos d’Ammian Marcellin livre 14.) qui
    ont tousjours à la queuë une grand’ suite de
    bons chalans, comme un grand squadron de
    volleurs, desquels ils[5] sont mangez en fin mi-
    serablement.

    Notes:

    1.  Scaeva, ‘evil-minded’. The capital letter suggests that the Latin word could be taken as a proper name in the vocative case, i.e addressing one Scaeva.

    2.  For the story of Actaeon turned into a stag and killed by his own hounds, see Ovid, Metamorphoses 3.138ff. Similarly, the hangers-on will destroy the one who has fed them.

    3.  Corrected from the Errata

    4.  Corrected from the Errata

    5.  Corrected from the Errata


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