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Laurus.

The laurel

XXXIII.

Praescia venturi laurus fert signa salutis,
Subdita pulvillo somnia vera facit.[1]
ALIUD.
Debetur Charolo superatis laurea Poenis: [2]
Victrices ornent talia serta comas.

The laurel that can tell what is to come provides omens of prosperity. Put under the pillow it brings true dreams.
Other:.
Now that the Poeni [i.e. North Africans / Tunisians] have been defeated, Charles deserves the laurel - let wreaths of laurel adorn the victor’s locks.

Notes:

1.  The laurel was sacred to Apollo, god of prophecy. The priestess of Apollo at Delphi induced a prophetic trance by chewing laurel leaves. Prophecies were sometimes written on laurel leaves. If laurel leaves crackle when thrown into the flames, happiness is portended.

2.  Emperor Charles V took Tunis in North Africa in 1535. Poeni (‘Phoenicians’) was an alternate name for the people of Carthage, where Tunis was later established.


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    • trees: laurel (+ plants used symbolically) [25G3(LAUREL)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Africans [32B32] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • pillow [41A7632] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • crowning the victor with laurel [45I6110] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Prediction, Prophecy; 'Augurio', 'Divinatione', 'Profetia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Protection; 'Custodia', 'Difesa contra nimici, malefici & venefici', 'Difesa contra pericoli', 'Riparo da i tradimenti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54E42(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(CHARLES V [of Holy Roman Empire])3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Single Emblem View

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    Salix.

    The willow

    Emblema cc.

    Quod frugisperdam salicem vocitarit Homerus,[1]
    Clitoriis homines moribus adsimilat.[2]

    When Homer called the willow ‘seed-loser’, he made it like men with Clitorian habits.

    SAlix ὠλεσίκαρπος Homero dicitur Odyss. κ[3].
    quia salicis fructus cum vino propinatus sterilita-
    tem inferat, genitale semen extinguat, & libidinis
    impetum marco re afficiat, ait Plinius. Sed propter
    κλειτοριάζειν obscoenum verbum, malim in eos
    convertere qui licentiùs Venere abutuntur, quos
    ideo meritò frugisperdas, & seminiperdas appel-
    laris.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Bb12v f276v]

    Le Saulx.

    LE Saulx d’Homere est nommé Perd-semence,
    Qui peust noter expres
    D’amours villains & trop salles l’outrance,
    Et l’abus, & l’exces.

    LE Saulx est appellé perd-semence par
    Homere au 10. de l’Odyssee, d’aultant que
    le fruit du saulx mis dans le vin induit ste-
    rilité, esteint la semence genitale, & amortit
    la vehemence d’amour, comme dit Pline.
    Mais à raison du verbe κλειτοριάζειν, qui
    est un mot obscene, j’aymeroye mieux l’a-
    dapter contre ceux qui abusent par trop li-
    centieusement du plaisant deduit d’amour,
    lesquels à ceste occasion peust on appeller
    perd-fruits, ou, perd-semences.

    Notes:

    1.  Homer, Odyssey, 10.510. See Pliny, Natural History, 16.46.110: the willow drops its seed before it is absolutely ripe, and for that reason was called by Homer ‘seed-loser’.

    2.  The waters of Lake Clitorius in Arcadia generated an aversion to wine in those who drank of them. See Pliny, Natural History, 31.13.16; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 15.322ff. The combination of the two images here may symbolise minds and characters gone to the bad and producing nothing of value. See Erasmus, Parabolae, p. 268: “As willow-seed, shed before it ripens, is not only itself barren but when used as a drug causes barrenness in women by preventing conception, so the words of those who teach before they have truly learnt sense not only make them no better in themselves, but corrupt their audience and render it unteachable”; and p. 230: “Those who have drunk of the Clitorian Lake develop a distaste for wine, and those who have once tasted poetry reject the counsels of philosophy, or the other way round. Equally, those who gorge themselves with fashionable pleasures reject those satisfactions which are honourable and genuine.”


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    • sobriety; 'Sobrietà', 'Astinenza' (Ripa) [31B59] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Licentiousness, Lasciviousness; 'Lascivia', 'Licenza' (Ripa) [57AA51] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Non-procreation (+ emblematical representation of concept) [58AA2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (names of cities and villages excepted) (with NAME [61D(CLITOR)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • (story of) Homer representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(HOMER)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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