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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [G6v p108]

Avaerice.

APOSTROPHE.

Tantal mourant de soif pres la fontaine
Prendre ne peut la pomme à luy prochaine.
Ce nom changé, de toy (Avare) est dict,
Qui has grandz biens, & n’en prens pas le fruict.

Les Avaricieux hont leur enfer des ce monde,
damnez (comme Tantal) à ne povoir jouyr, &
user des biens, au mylieu desquelz ilz sont
plongéz.


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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O8r p224]

    La gourmandise.

    LXVI.

    Qui veut representer un goulu ou goulue,
    Grosse panse il luy baille, & un grand col de grue,[1]
    Et luy met sur ses poings la foulque & le butor.
    Tel estoit un Denis,[2] & un Apice encor,[3]
    Qui par leur gloutonnie & molle friandise
    Font qu’encor aujourd’huy pour goulus on les prise.

    Commentaires.

    La foulque & le butor sont oiseaux extremement
    goulus, & qui ne se peuvent jamais soulersouler: & pource
    sont-ils employés par les poëtes, quand ils veulent re-
    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P1r p225] marquer un vray goulu. Denys & Apice sont te-
    nus pour patriarches des frians: aussi en ont-ils publié
    des preceptes, qui encor aujourd-huy se voyent tra-
    duicts en divers vulgaires: Ils ne sont pas seuls. Il n’y
    en a que trop encor par tout.

    Notes:

    1.  These birds were symbols of ravenous greed. The pelican is called inexplebile animal, ‘insatiable creature’, by Pliny, Natural History, 10.66.131; cf. Emblem 83 ([FALe083]). For the gull, see Erasmus, Adagia, 1133 (Larus: the gull will also fit food-suppliers because it is a bird with an appetite for fish).

    2.  Dionysius II, Tyrant of Syracuse. After his deposition, he lived in Corinth, and many anecdotes were told of his indulgent way of life there, including the story that he died of being overweight.

    3.  Apicius was a famous gourmet of the time of the Emperor Tiberius. See Seneca, De consolatione, 10.8-9 and Martial, Epigrams, 3.22: he spent a hundred million sesterces on food items and committed suicide for fear of starvation on discovering that he had only one million left. He composed two cookery books, but the one which has come down to us under his name is a fourth- to fifth-century compilation drawing on his works and several others (ed. princ. Le Signerre, Milan 1498).


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      • water-birds (with NAME) [25F36(COOT)] Search | Browse Iconclass
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      • anthropomorphic beings with parts of abnormal shape (+ abdomen, belly) [31A444(+13)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • anthropomorphic beings with parts of abnormal shape (+ neck) [31A444(+615)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • anthropomorphic beings with parts of abnormal shape (+ neck) [31A444(+615):25F37(CRANE)(+3)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Intemperance, Immoderation (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54AA43(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • specific aspects, allegorical aspects of Bacchus; Bacchus as patron [92L17] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(APICIUS, Marcus Gavius)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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