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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [n4v p200]

Laurus.

The laurel

XXXIII.

Praescia venturi laurus fert signa salutis,
Subdita pulvillo somnia vera facit.[1]
ALIUD.
Debetur Charolo superatis laurea Poenis: [2]
Victrices ornent talia serta comas.

The laurel that can tell what is to come provides omens of prosperity. Put under the pillow it brings true dreams.
Other:.
Now that the Poeni [i.e. North Africans / Tunisians] have been defeated, Charles deserves the laurel - let wreaths of laurel adorn the victor’s locks.

Notes:

1.  The laurel was sacred to Apollo, god of prophecy. The priestess of Apollo at Delphi induced a prophetic trance by chewing laurel leaves. Prophecies were sometimes written on laurel leaves. If laurel leaves crackle when thrown into the flames, happiness is portended.

2.  Emperor Charles V took Tunis in North Africa in 1535. Poeni (‘Phoenicians’) was an alternate name for the people of Carthage, where Tunis was later established.



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    Relating to the text:

    • trees: laurel (+ plants used symbolically) [25G3(LAUREL)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Africans [32B32] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • pillow [41A7632] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • crowning the victor with laurel [45I6110] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Prediction, Prophecy; 'Augurio', 'Divinatione', 'Profetia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Protection; 'Custodia', 'Difesa contra nimici, malefici & venefici', 'Difesa contra pericoli', 'Riparo da i tradimenti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54E42(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(CHARLES V [of Holy Roman Empire])3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Section: LES ARBRES. View all emblems in this section.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [R%r p265]

    Le Morier.[1]

    Le Morier sage, & en Grec mal nommé[2]
    Ne fleurit point que L’hyver consommé.[3]

    Consommé, & finy L’hyver, lors le
    Morier, apres les aultres grandz arbres,
    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [R5v p266] commence à jecter ses fleurs, & germes, hors
    les dangiers des froidures, & gelées, Ainsi
    faict le sage, qui ne s’advance point en tous
    affaires, avant qu’il soit temps, & ne hazarde
    rien, à dangier, mais au plus seur. Parquoy,
    il est nommé en Grec Moros par sens cont-
    raire, Car Μωρος en Grec est à dire fol: &
    il est sage, qui ne gecte point sa fleur, & son
    fruyct, que tout le peril d’hyver ne soit con
    sommé.

    Notes:

    1.  The woodcut here is a fairly close, laterally inverted, copy of that used in the 1549 French edition.

    2.  Reference to a supposed ‘etymology by opposites’: Latin morus ‘mulberry’ was equated with Greek μῶρος ‘fool’, but the tree was considered wise: see note 2.

    3.  See Pliny, Natural History, 16.25.102: ‘the mulberry is the last of domesticated trees to shoot, and only does so when the frosts are over; for that reason it is called the wisest of trees’.



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