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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [C1v p34]

Amicitia etiam post mortem durans.[1]

Friendship lasting even beyond death

XII.

Arentem senio, nudam quoque frondibus ulmum,
Complexa est viridi vitis opaca coma.[2]
Agnoscitque vices naturae, & grata parenti
Officii reddit mutua iura suo.
Exemploque monet, tales nos quaerere amicos,
Quos neque disiungat foedere summa dies.

A vine shady with green foliage embraced an elm tree that was dried up with age and bare of leaves. The vine recognises the changes wrought by nature and, ever grateful, renders to the one that reared it the duty it owes in return. By the example it offers, the vine tells us to seek friends of such a sort that not even our final day will uncouple them from the bond of friendship.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [C2r p35]

Amytie durant apres mort.

XII.

Au temps que jeune estoit la vigne,
Elle fut soustenue de l’orme,
(Qui d’estre aymé se rend bien digne.)
A quoy la vigne fut conforme:
Car au temps qu’il devint disforme,
Voire mort, la vigne l’embrasse.
Cherchez donc amy de telle forme,
Dont l’amour pour mort ne sesface.

Notes:

1.  See Erasmus’ famous variations on this theme in De copia (CWE 24. pp. 354-64).

2.  In ancient Italy young vines were often supported by elm trees. See Vergil, Georgics 1.2.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [C1r p33]

Νῆφε, καὶ μέμνησ’ἀπιστεῖν. ἄρθρα ταῦτα τῶν φρενῶν.

Live soberly; do not believe readily. These are the sinews of the mind.

EMBLEMA XVI.

Ne credas, ne (Epicharmus ait[1]) non sobrius esto:
Hi nervi humanae membraque mentis erunt.
Ecce oculata manus[2] credens id quod videt: ecce
Pulegium antiquae sobrietatis olus:
Quo turbam ostenso sedaverit Heraclitus,[3]
Mulxerit & tumida seditione gravem.

Don’t give easy credence; don’t be intemperate. So said Epicharmus, and these maxims will prove the sinews and limbs of man’s mind. See here a hand with an eye, believing what it can see. See the pennyroyal, the plant of ancient soberness. By showing it, Heraclitus calmed the mob and milked it when heavy with bursting sedition

Notes:

1.  Epicharmus ait, ‘So said Epicharmus’. The saying is quoted in Polybius, The Histories, 18.40.

2.  oculata manus, ‘a hand with an eye’. See Plautus, Asinaria, 202: ‘our hands always have eyes - seeing is believing for them’; Erasmus, Adagia, 73 (Oculatae manus).

3.  turbam...sedaverit Heraclitus, ‘Heraclitus calmed the mob’. For this incident concerning the sixth-century BC philosopher Heraclitus, see Plutarch, De garrulitate, 511C: when faced with a discordant mob, Heraclitus said nothing but took a cup of cold water, sprinkled on barley-meal and stirred it with a sprig of pennyroyal. Pennyroyal represents modest fare, contentment and control. Cf. Emblem 185 ([A91a185]), line 8. Heraclitus lived on a diet of herbs. For his pessimistic view of life see Emblem 150 ([A91a150]).


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  • Folly, Foolishness; 'Pazzia', 'Sciocchezza', 'Stoltitia' (Ripa) [52AA51] Search | Browse Iconclass
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