Single Emblem View

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [K4v p152]

Louange non louable.

Oultre esperance avoit Antiochus,[1]
A peu de gens les Galathes vincuz:
Ses elephans par leur trompe ayant mis
Tous les chevaux à mort, des ennemis.
Parquoy paignant l’Elephant en trophée,
Nous estions mors (dit il à son armée)
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [K5r p153] Si ne nous heust saulvéz celle orde beste.
Victoire est bonne, & si n’est pas honneste.

Utilité bien souvent est preferée à hon-
nesteté, & le proffit à l’honneur, mesme
en fait de guerre, ou l’on ne regarde
sinon à obtenir victoire, soit par proues
se, ou par astuce, par vaillance, ou par machine.

Notes:

1.  For this incident, see Lucian, Zeuxis sive Antiochus 8-11. In 276 BC Antiochus I won against fearful odds by directing his sixteen elephants against the Galatian horsemen and scythed chariots. Not only did the horses turn in panic and cause chaos among their own infantry, but the elephants came on behind, tossing, goring and trampling. Although he had won an overwhelming victory, Antiochus did not consider it a matter for congratulation.


Related Emblems

Hide related emblems Hide related emblems

Hint: You can set whether related emblems are displayed by default on the preferences page


Iconclass Keywords

Relating to the image:

Relating to the text:

Hint: You can turn translations and name underlining on or off using the preferences page.

Single Emblem View

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [K3v p150]

In illaudata laudantes.

Praising the wrong things

EMBLEMA CXXIII.

Ingentes Galatûm semermi milite turmas,
Spem praeter trepidus fuderat Antiochus:[1]
Lucarum cùm saeva boum vis,[2] ira, proboscis,[3]
Tum primùm[4] hostiles corripuisset equos.
Ergo trophaea locans Elephantis imagine pinxit,
Insuper & sociis, Occideramus, ait,
Bellua servasset ni nos foedissima barrus:
Ut superasse iuvat, sic superasse pudet.

Antiochus, in spite of his fears, had beyond all expectation routed the huge squadrons of Galatians with his light-armed troops, when the savage might of elephants, their raging and their trunks, for the first time ever fell upon the enemy’s cavalry. So when he set up the trophy, he adorned it with the picture of an elephant and furthermore said to his troops: ‘We would have fallen, if this revolting beast, the elephant, had not preserved us. Pleasing as it is to conquer, it is galling to conquer like this’.

Notes:

1.  For this incident, see Lucian, Zeuxis sive Antiochus 8-11. In 276 BC Antiochus I won against fearful odds by directing his sixteen elephants against the Galatian horsemen and scythed chariots. Not only did the horses turn in panic and cause chaos among their own infantry, but the elephants came on behind, tossing, goring and trampling. Although he had won an overwhelming victory, Antiochus did not consider it a matter for congratulation.

2.  ‘Might of elephants’, lit. ‘might of Lucanian cattle’, supposedly so called by the Romans because they first saw these strange beasts in Lucania in south Italy, when King Pyrrhus of Epirus made use of them in his defeat of the Romans at the battle of Heraclea in 280 BC. See Pliny, Natural History 8.6.16.

3.  Some editions give dira proboscis, ‘their terrible trunk’.

4.  ‘For the first time ever’. The Galatians, Celtic tribes who had invaded Asia Minor, had never seen elephants before. Elephants had often been used in battle on other occasions.


Related Emblems

Hide related emblems Hide related emblems

Hint: You can set whether related emblems are displayed by default on the preferences page


Iconclass Keywords

Relating to the image:

Relating to the text:

Hint: You can turn translations and name underlining on or off using the preferences page.

 

Back to top