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Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[Ggg6v f422v as 420]


The letter kills but the spirit gives life

Emblema 184.

Vipereos Cadmus dentes ut credidit arvis,
Saevit & Aonio semina dira solo:
Terrigeným clypeata cohors[2] exorta virorum est,
Hostili inter se qui cecidere manu.
EvasŤre quibus monitu Tritonidos armis
Abiectis data pax, dextraque iuncta fuit.[3]
Primus Agenorides[4] elementa, notasque magistris
Tradidit, iis suavem iunxit & harmoniam.[5]
Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[Ggg7r f423r as 421] Quorum discipulos contraria plurima vexant,
Non nisi Palladia qui [=quae] dirimuntur ope.

When Cadmus entrusted the dragon’s teeth to the furrows and sowed the dread seed in Aonian [Theban] soil, there sprang up a shield-bearing band of earth-born men, who fell by fighting among themselves. Those escaped who at Tritonia’s [Athena’s] command threw down their arms, granted peace and joined right hands. Agenor’s son first gave to teachers letters and symbols and also put together for them sweet musical concord. Many adversities assail those who follow these disciplines, adversities which are resolved only by Pallas Athena’s aid.


1.II Corinthians 3:6.

2.Corrected by hand in the Glasgow copy.

3.For the story of Cadmus, founder of Thebes (in Aonia, or less correctly in the French, in Thessaly), and the dragon’s teeth, see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 3.99ff. Athena, goddess of wisdom - here called Tritonia, from the place of her birth in North Africa - brought the internecine struggle between the earth-born warriors to an end.

4.Agenorides, ‘Agenor’s son’, i.e. Cadmus, who supposedly introduced writing to Greece. The scattering of the dragon’s teeth was interpreted as the invention of the alphabet.

5.harmoniam, ‘musical concord’. Cadmus’ wife was called Harmonia.

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