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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I5v p138]

La sepultura de Juan Galeacio vizconde,
primer’ duque de Milan.[1]

Ottava rhima.

Pon en lugar de tumba y sepultura
Armas y capitanes y soldados,[2]
Y à Italia con el mar cuya reçiura
Resuena hasta los dos senos çerrados.  [M]
Tras esto la Barbarie fiera y dura,[3]
Y por dinero exercitos comprados.
Y un retulo que diga.[4] Quien ha puesto
A mi tan grande sobre solo esto?

[Marginalia - link to text]Tyrreno y Adriatico.


1.  Gian Galeazzo Visconti (1351-1402), created first Duke of Milan in 1395. Noted for his ruthlessness, he united most of the Po valley under the rule of Milan for the first time, defeated Bologna, and set his sights on Florence until his death saved that city.

2.  This epigram is based on Anthologia graeca 7.73 (by Geminos, but wrongly attributed to Germanicus in the sixteenth century). The Greek epigram is concerned with what would be a worthy tomb for the Greek hero Themistocles, who was buried in a very simple grave. It suggests one with representations of Salamis and the Persians, recalling the hero’s most famous exploit, the victory over the Persians at the battle of Salamis. Likewise, memorials of Visconti’s achievements are proposed here.

3.  The ‘barbarian’ French, who were induced to become involved in the Milan/Florence conflict and were defeated by Visconti. The French are mentioned specifically in the version of this poem found in Selecta epigrammata p.254, where 1.4 reads: Gallus ut et Theuton Alpe et Hyberus aquis, ‘like the Gaul and the Teuton via the Alps and the Spaniard via the sea’. In Alciato’s day, the French continued to overrun the Italian peninsula and attempt to dictate its internal affairs.

4.  This is presumably a figure of the Duke of Milan. In the accompanying woodcut, there is a banner held by a figure, with the Greek version (taken from the original Greek epigram) of the words quoted in l.6. of the Latin version

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