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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N8r p207]

La republique delivree.

XLVII.

Apres que par la mort de Cesar, Brute eust mis
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N8v p208] Romme en sa liberté, maugré tous ennemis,
Il fit forger monnoye où un bonnet estoit
Sur deux ou trois poignards: Et celà designoit
Que le tyran occis, est liberté acquise
A Romme, qui se void hors de servage mise.[1]

Commentaires.

Cesar, ayant surmonté ses ennemis, ne s’arresta
pas là, mais il usurpa la dictature perpetuelle. Brute
& Càsse, voyans la Republique asservie, tuerent Ce-
sar: & pour remarquer ceste delivrance, firent battre
monnoye, où estoit un bonnet sur deux ou trois poi-
gnards. Les poignards, pour signifier comment le ty-
ran avoit esté occis: & le bonnet, pour tesmoigner
que par ce meurtre la liberté estoit acquise à la repu-
blique. Le bonnet estoit la marque de liberté: ainsi
qu’il apparut à bon escient en la mort de Neron, où
presque tout le peuple en toutes les provinces char-
gea le bonnet, pour tesmoigner qu’il estoit delivré
d’une cruelle domination.

Notes:

1.  Julius Caesar, who had become in effect the sole ruler of Rome, was assassinated on the Ides of March in 44 BC by Marcus and Decimus Brutus, Cassius and other conspirators. Alciato describes the well-known coin-type celebrating the restoration of republican government issued by Brutus after the murder. This bears the legend EID.MAR. (The Ides of March) across the lower section; above this, occupying the upper two thirds of the coin face, are two upright daggers with a cap of liberty between. Alciato had presumably seen or owned such a coin. He wrote a short treatise on ancient coins.


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