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Dederit’ne viam casus’ve Deus’ve.

Whether chance or God gives the way.

Le moniment & enseigne de la Vertu, noblesse, &
Antiquité de la maison de Lorreine, sont les trois Ale-
rions qui se trouverent en la flesche de Godefroy de
, au siege de Hierusalem: laquelle le noble Prince
avoit tiré contre la Tour de David. Presage (selon l’hi-  [M]
stoire) de sa future grandeur & autorité, & creacion
en Roy dudit Hierusalem. Et pour d’icelui estre descen-
due de la susdite maison de Lorreine icelle continue de por-
ter l’image desdis trois Alerions en sa monnoye, jusques
à present.[1]

[Marginalia - link to text]Croniques de Lorreine.


1.  Godefroy de Bouillon, considered to be one of the Nine Worthies (the heros of chivalry), was Duke of Lower Lorraine (roughly modern Belgium), leader of the First Crusade, and founder of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (d. 1100). Although undoubtedly related to the later Dukes of [Upper] Lorraine (now in France), he had no children, and is therefore not a direct ancestor of the House of Lorraine. Nevertheless, official genealogies in the 16th century proudly placed him at the top of their tree, until it became more politically correct for them to identify with a more Germanic ancestor in the 17th and 18th centuries, as they attempted to fight off French expansion. Even after the loss of sovereignty to France in the 18th century, the family (now called Habsburg) used his symbol (the three alérions, a word thought to derive either from ‘eaglet’ or an anagram of ‘lor[r]aine’) in tandem with the ancient heraldic symbols of Austria, up to the end of the first World War (and indeed still today).

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